SSC CGL 2019 EXAM PAPER : Held on 04-March-2020 Shift-1 (English Comprehension)

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SSC CGL 2019 EXAM PAPER : Held on 04-March-2020 Shift-1 (English Comprehension)

Table of Contents

Q.1 Select the correct active form of the given sentence.
This beautiful story was written by Maya
1. Maya was writing this beautiful story.
2. Maya writes this beautiful story.
3. Maya is writing this beautiful story.
4. Maya wrote this beautiful story.
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Maya wrote this beautiful story.
The sentence is in the Passive Voice. Its structure is Subject + was (auxiliary) + V3 + by + Object.
This will change into Active Voice. Its structure will be Subject (object of Passive voice) + Verb + Object (the subject of passive voice).
While converting from active to Passive, the sentence undergoes the following changes:
  • Identify the subject, the verb, and the object: S+V+O
  • Change the object into subject
  • The active verb does not have an object. Therefore, the passive form should begin with you.
  • Change the verb into past participle of the verb
  • Change the subject into object
Given below are the rules of tense conversion from Active to Passive Voice and vice verse:
 
TENSE
 
SENTENCE IN ACTIVE VOICE
 
SENTENCE IN PASSIVE VOICE
SIMPLE PRESENT
He sells flowers.
He does not sell books.
Does he sell flowers?
Flowers are sold by him.
Books are not sold by him.
Are flowers sold by him?
PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
He is selling flowers.
He is not selling books.
Does he not sell books?
Flowers are being sold by him.
Books are not being sold by him.
Are books not sold by him?
PRESENT PERFECT
He has completed the work.
He has not completed the work.
Has he completed the work?
The work has been completed by him.
The work has not been completed by him.
Has the work been completed by him?
SIMPLE PAST
He completed the work.
He did not complete the work.
 
Did he complete the work?
The work was completed by him.
The work was not completed by him.
Was the work completed by him?
PAST PROGRESSIVE
He was reading a book.
He was not reading a book.
Was he reading a book?
A book was being read by him.
A book was being read by him.
 
Was a book being read by him?
PAST PERFECT
He had read the book
He had not read the book.
Had he read the book?
The book had been read by him.
The book had not been read by him.
Had the book been read by him?
SIMPLE FUTURE
She will write a letter.
She will not write a letter.
 
Will she write the letter?
A letter will be written by her.
A letter will not be written by her.
Will the letter be written by her?
FUTURE PERFECT
He will have written a letter.
He will not have written a letter.
Will he have written a letter?
A letter will have been written by him.
A letter will not have been written by him.
Will a letter have been written by him?
Thus the correct sentence will be Maya wrote this beautiful story.
Q.2 Select the wrongly spelt word.
1. Compromise
2. Consumation
3. Competence
4. Chronology
The correct answer is option 2 i.e consumation
Consummation is wrongly spelled as consumation.
Consummation: the act of making something complete or perfect
Other words are spelled correctly and its meanings are:
  • Compromise: An agreement or settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions; settle a dispute by mutual concession.
  • Competence: the ability to do something successfully or efficiently.
  • Chronology: the arrangement of events or dates in the order of their occurrence.
Q.3  Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.
  Back to square one
1. Draw a square
2. Neglect something
3. Move ahead
4. Come to the original point
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. come to the original point.
Back to square one means back to where one started, with no progress having been made.
This matches with come to the original point.
Thus Back to square one means (to) come to the original point.
Eg: It is okay to go back to square one and start a new career.
Q.4 Select the wrongly spelt word.
1. Turmoil
2. Tresure
3. Truthful
4. Tamarind
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Tresure
Treasure is wrongly spelled as Tresure.
Treasure: a number of precious metals, gems, or other valuable objects; keep carefully (a valuable or valued item).
Other words are spelled correctly. Their meanings are as follows:
  • Truthful: telling or expressing the truth; honest; characterized by accuracy or realism; true to life.
  • Turmoil: a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
  • Tamarind: sticky brown acidic pulp from the pod of a tree of the pea family, widely used as a flavouring in Asian cooking.
Q.5 Select the antonym of the given word.
LIBERTY
1. Independence
2. Deliverance
3. Convenience
4. Dependence
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Dependence
  • Liberty: the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one’s way of life
  • Dependence: the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else; reliance on someone or something for financial support.
  • Convenience: the state of being able to proceed with something without difficulty
  • Deliverance: the action of being rescued or set free; a formal or authoritative utterance.
  • Independence: the fact or state of being independent.
Thus dependence is the antonym of liberty. Other words do not act as antonyms if applied to the context.
Q.6 Select the most appropriate word to substitute the underlined word of the given sentence. If substitution is not required select ‘No improvement’.
To fight on the battlefield for the sake of one’s country needs a great strongness.
1. the greatest strongness
2. a lots of strength
3. No improvement
4. great courage
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. great courage
A great strongness is an incorrect phrase. It must be replaced with great courage.
  • Strong: having the power to move heavy weights or perform other physically demanding tasks; powerful, muscular
  • Courage: the ability to do something that frightens one; bravery.
When one fights for the country, one shows courage, not strength.
Thus the correct sentence will be: To fight on the battlefield for the sake of one’s country needs great courage.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
‘A stitch in time saves nine’. This wise saying suggests that an (1)______ action taken on time
to rectify an error rules (2)______ the possibility of accumulation of such errors and future
(3)______ . Wisdom, therefore lies in correcting the error as soon as it is (4)______. There is no
point-in allowing the (5)______ to grow and then take hasty actions to set things right.
SubQuestion No : 7
Q.7 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 1
1. superficial
2. wrong
3. appropriate
4. opposite
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. Appropriate
  • Appropriate: suitable or proper in the circumstance.
  • Opposite: completely different; of a contrary kind
  • Superficial: appearing to be true or real until examined more closely
  • Wrong: not correct or true; incorrect.
Thus the other words do not relate in the context. Appropriate fits blank 1.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
‘A stitch in time saves nine’. This wise saying suggests that an (1)______ action taken on time
to rectify an error rules (2)______ the possibility of accumulation of such errors and future
(3)______ . Wisdom, therefore lies in correcting the error as soon as it is (4)______. There is no
point-in allowing the (5)______ to grow and then take hasty actions to set things right.
SubQuestion No : 8
Q.8 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 2
1. in
2. at
3. out
4. for
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. out
Out is the appropriate option for blank 2.
Rule out is a phrasal verb which means to exclude or eliminate.
Other options are grammatically incorrect.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
‘A stitch in time saves nine’. This wise saying suggests that an (1)______ action taken on time
to rectify an error rules (2)______ the possibility of accumulation of such errors and future
(3)______ . Wisdom, therefore lies in correcting the error as soon as it is (4)______. There is no
point-in allowing the (5)______ to grow and then take hasty actions to set things right.
SubQuestion No : 9
Q.9 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 3
1. qualities
2. facilities
3. damages
4. advantages
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. damages
  • Damages: physical harm that impairs the value, usefulness, or normal functioning of something.
  • Facilities: a place, amenity, or piece of equipment provided for a particular purpose.
  • Qualities: the standard of something as measured against other things of a similar kind; the degree of excellence of something.
  • Advantages: a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favourable or superior position.
As per the context of the passage, ‘damages are ruled out’. Thus other options are incorrect to use.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
‘A stitch in time saves nine’. This wise saying suggests that an (1)______ action taken on time
to rectify an error rules (2)______ the possibility of accumulation of such errors and future
(3)______ . Wisdom, therefore lies in correcting the error as soon as it is (4)______. There is no
point-in allowing the (5)______ to grow and then take hasty actions to set things right.
SubQuestion No : 10
Q.10 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 4
1. discovered
2. managed
3. proposed
4. invented
The correct answer is option  i.e. discovered
  • Discovered: (past tense) find unexpectedly or during a search.
  • Managed: (past tense) be in charge of (a business, organization, or undertaking); run; succeed in surviving or in achieving something despite difficult circumstances; cope.
  • Proposed: (past tense) put forward (a plan or suggestion) for consideration by others
  • Invented: (past tense) create or design (something that has not existed before); be the originator of
Thus the most suitable option is discovered. Other options do not fit in the blank.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
‘A stitch in time saves nine’. This wise saying suggests that an (1)______ action taken on time
to rectify an error rules (2)______ the possibility of accumulation of such errors and future
(3)______ . Wisdom, therefore lies in correcting the error as soon as it is (4)______. There is no
point-in allowing the (5)______ to grow and then take hasty actions to set things right.
SubQuestion No : 11
Q.11 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 5
1. parody
2. remedy
3. malady
4. melody
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. malady
  • Malady: a serious problem; a disease or ailment
  • Melody: a sequence of single notes that is musically satisfying; a tune.
  • Remedy: a medicine or treatment for a disease or injury
  • Parody: an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect.
Q.12 Select one word for the following group of words.
Open refusal to obey orders
1. Defiance
2. Compliance
3. Obedience
4. Adherence
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. Defiance
  • Meaning of the given options are: 
    • Defiance: open resistance; bold disobedience.
    • Obedience: compliance with an order, request, or law or submission to another’s authority.
    • Adherence: attachment or commitment to a person, cause, or belief.
    • Compliance: the action or fact of complying with a wish or command. 
  • Thus, defiance is the correct answer
Q.13 Select the synonym of the given word.
PREVENT
1. Construct
2. Provoke
3. Allow
4. Avert
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Avert
  • Prevent: keep (something) from happening.
  • Allow: let (someone) have or do something.
  • Avert: turn away (one’s eyes or thoughts); prevent or ward off (an undesirable occurrence).
  • Provoke: stimulate or give rise to (a reaction or emotion, typically a strong or unwelcome one) in someone
  • Construct: build or make (something, typically a building, road, or machine); an idea or theory containing various conceptual elements
Avert is synonymous with Prevent. Other options do not convey meaning.
Q.14 Select one word for the following group of words.
Morals that govern one’s behavior
1. Intuition
2. Attitude
3. Psychology
4. Ethics
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Ethics
  • Ethics: moral principles that govern a person’s behaviour or the conduct of an activity.
    Other words mean:
  • Psychology: the scientific study of the human mind and its functions, especially those affecting behaviour in a given context
  • Intuition: the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning.
  • Attitude: a settled way of thinking or feeling about something; uncooperative behaviour.
Q.15 Select the antonym of the given word.
BROAD
1. Long
2. Narrow
3. Wide
4. Large
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Narrow
  • Broad: having a distance larger than usual from side to side; wide; covering a large number and wide scope of subjects.
  • Narrow: of small width in relation to length; limited in extent, amount, or scope.
  • Large: of considerable or relatively great size, extent, or capacity.
  • Wide: of great or more than average width; to the full extent.
  • Long: measuring a great distance from end to end; lasting or taking a great amount of time.
Thus other options are incorrect in the given context. 
Narrow is the antonym of Broad.
Q.16 Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given options pick the one that gives their correct order.
A. Eventually, she overcame adversities and achieved success.
B. She engaged herself in ‘earn while you learn’, finance scheme in her college.
C. She needed financial support to complete her graduation.
D. Rama was a very poor girl.
1. ADCB
2. ABCD
3. DCBA
4. CBDA
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. DCBA
When we combine the parts of the paragraph, it is important that we maintain a logical flow in the structure.
  • A sentence cannot start with a pronoun. A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. Eg: Anne eats ice cream. She also eats cookies.
    She 
    refers back to Anne.
    Thus our paragraph sentence cannot begin from B or C.So they are ruled out.
  • Eventually means in the end; in due course. It is an adverb.
    As we look to start the paragraph, it is wrong to use Eventually in the beginning.
    Thus A is ruled out as the beginning of the sentence.
  • However, it comes in the end of the sentence as a concluding statement.
  • introduces us to the subject of the sentence ‘Rama’ and that she was a poor girl. Thus it is the correct beginning of the sentence.
  • follows D. It illustrates about Rama that she needed financial support to complete her graduation.
  • follows C. She overcame the financial crunch as she joined ‘earn while you learn’ finance scheme.
  • gives a fitting conclusion. Because of the financial scheme, she overcame her adversities.
Thus the correct order is DCBA. The sentence thus follows:
Rama was a very poor girl. She needed financial support to complete her graduation. She joined ‘earn while you learn’ financial scheme in her college. Eventually, she overcame adversities and achieved success.
Q.17 Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given options pick the one that gives
their correct order.
A. “We are going to the market,” declared Reetu and Geetu.
B. “Where are you going?” the father asked.
C. “Take your umbrella, it is going to rain,” the mother said.
D. “Yes, definitely. We will,” replied the two.
1. ABDC
2. DCAB
3. BCDA
4. BACD
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. BACD
From the given sentence, we understand that it is a conversation between mother, father and their two daughters.
The scrambled parts must be arranged logically to understand their entire conversation. It is important to establish a connection between these parts.
  • Option 2 as the order suggests DCAB gives a reverse order of the conversation. Line D starts with an affirmative response, without any prior link to the dialogue. The paragraph thus cannot start with D. Thus it is ruled out.
  • Option 1 as we consider, AB is an answer to the question followed by the question. This is a reverse order and hence the paragraph cannot start with D. Thus it is ruled out.
  • The paragraph thus begins with B. It is an introduction to the conversation about ‘where the girls are going’.
  • follows B. The response to the question is answered in A. It states ‘the girls are going to the market’.
  • follows A. The mother tells the girls to carry an umbrella as it is going to rain.
  • follows C. It is the daughter’s agreement ‘yes we will…’ to mother’s statement.
Thus the correct order is BACD.
“Where are you going?” the father asked. “We are going to the market,” declared Reetu and Geetu. “Take your umbrella, it is going to rain,” the mother said. “Yes, definitely. We will,” replied the two.
Q.18 In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.
The boy which stole the money was caught by the police.
1. was caught
2. stole the money
3. by the police
4. The boy which
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. The boy which
The error is in the 1st part of the sentence. The usage of ‘which’ is incorrect. It must be replaced with ‘who‘.
Who is a relative pronoun referring to the noun. As a general rule, It is used for human beings only.
Thus the correct sentence will be: The boy who stole the money was caught by the police.
Q.19 Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.
Dead heat
1. A strong heat wave
2. Strong opposition to one’s ideas
3. A deadly blast of hot air
4. Close contest that ends in a tie
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Close contest that ends in a tie
Dead heat means a situation in which two or more competitors are exactly level
Eg: The race ended in a dead heat.
Q.20 In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.
Saraswati college has maintained its reputation as one of the best college in the country.
1. Saraswati college has maintained
2. one of the best college
3. in the country
4. its reputation as
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. one of the best college
The phrase that comes after ‘one of….’ is plural.
The sentence means – Saraswati College is one of the many colleges that are best.
Hence college must be replaced with colleges.
Thus the correct sentence will be: Saraswati college has maintained its reputation as one of the best colleges in the country.
Q.21 Select the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.
She ______ on paying the bill at the restaurant.
1. offered
2. suggested
3. insisted
4. requested
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. insisted
  • Requested: politely or formally asked for
  • Offered: presented to proffer something for someone to accept or reject as desired
  • Suggested: to put forward (something) for consideration
  • Insisted: demanded something forcefully, not accepting the refusal.
  • The correct sentence will be: She insisted on paying the bill at the restaurant.
Q.22 Select the most appropriate segment to substitute the underlined segment of the given sentence. If substitution is not required select ‘no improvement’.
The animal resembled with a cat.
1. No improvement
2. resembled by
3. resembled
4. resembled to
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. resembled
Resemble does not take any preposition after it.
The sentence is grammatically incorrect.
Thus ‘resembled with a‘ must be replaced with ‘resemble‘.
The correct sentence will be: The animal resembled a cat.
Q.23 Select the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.
The groom stood before the ______ for the wedding ceremony at the church.
1. alter
2. atlas
3. altar
4. attic
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. altar
  • Altar: the table in a Christian church at which the bread and wine are consecrated in communion services. 
  • Alter: change in character or composition, typically in a comparatively small but significant way.
  • Atlas: a book of maps or charts.
  • Attic: a space or room inside or partly inside the roof of a building.
No other word except altar fits in the context
Q.24 Select the correct direct form of the given sentence.
The teacher commanded the students not to shout.
1. The teacher said to the student, “You should not shout.”
2. The teacher told to the students, “You must not shout.”
3. The teacher said to the students, “Don’t shout.”
4. The teacher says to the students, “Do not shout.”
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. The teacher said to the students, “Don’t shout.”
The given sentence is an imperative sentence in Indirect form. It needs to be changed into Direct form.
When we convert the sentence from direct to indirect, the following changes take place.
i) Quotation marks and comma is added which indicates the actual speech of the speaker.
ii) The reporting commands are omitted.
iii) The infinitive is changed to imperative form.
iv) The tense of the Reporting verb is in the simple past tense does not undergo any change. The Reporting speech tense is in the simple past tense and does not undergo any change.
When we convert a sentence from indirect to direct speech, we make the following changes:
  • Quotation marks are added and the sentence ends with a full stop, comma or interrogation mark depending on the tone of the reported speech.
  • The tense of the verb, in the reported speech involving any order, request and instruction does not undergo any change during the conversion from indirect to direct mode. This is also true if the statement is a universal truth.
  • If the reporting verb is in the present tense, it does not undergo any change.
  • We omit the word ‘to’ before the verb, if the verb is in bare infinitive.
  • When the reporting or principal verb is in the past tense, all past tenses of the indirect are changed into the corresponding present tenses.
  • Words expressing distance are generally converted into words expressing nearness in time or place. For eg. then becomes now, that day becomes today, that becomes this etc.
  • In reporting commands and requests, the verb expressing command or request is omitted and the infinitive is changed into the imperative.
  • In reporting questions the verbs like asked, inquired are omitted and replaced by ‘said to’.
  • In reporting exclamations and wishes, the verb expressing exclamation or wish is omitted and simply replaced by ‘said’
  • Thus the correct sentence in the direct speech is: The teacher said to the students, “Don’t shout.”
Q.25 Select the synonym of the given word.
REVERE
1. Repeat
2. Respect
3. Condemn
4. Enjoy
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Respect
  • Revere: feel deep respect or admiration for (something).
  • Repeat: say again something one has already said; do more than once.
  • Enjoy: take delight or pleasure in (an activity or occasion); possess and benefit from.
  • Condemn: express complete disapproval of; censure; sentence (someone) to a particular punishment, especially death.
  • Respect: a feeling of deep admiration for someone or something elicited by their abilities, or achievements; due regard for the feelings, wishes, or rights of others.
Respect is synonymous with revere

Download Complete SSC CGL 2019 Paper Held on 03 March 2020 Shift 2 paper here Click Download below.

manish aggarwal
Founder of edumo, SSC CGL Aspirant, Educator, BCA Graduate
http://edumo.in

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