SSC CGL 2019 EXAM PAPER : Held on 04-March-2020 Shift-2 (English Comprehension)

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SSC CGL 2019 EXAM PAPER : Held on 04-March-2020 Shift-2 (English Comprehension)

Table of Contents

Q.1 Select the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.
A reward is a ______ which motivates a person to achieve excellence in his field.
1. memorial
2. collection
3. recognition
4. monument
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. recognition
  • Recognition: identification of someone or something or person from previous encounters or knowledge; acknowledgement
  • Memorial: a statue or structure established to remind people of a person or event.
  • Monument: a statue, building, or other structure erected to commemorate a notable person or event; a building, structure, or site that is of historical importance or interest.
  • Collection: the action or process of collecting someone or something; a group of things or people
Recognition fits in the blank correctly.
Q.2 Select the most appropriate meaning of the given Idiom.
The bee’s knees
1. Observant
2. Extraordinary
3. Problematic
4. Foolish
The correct answer is option 2 i.e Extraordinary
The bee’s knees mean an outstandingly good person or thing.
  • Extraordinary: remarkable; exceptional, amazing
  • Foolish: lacking good sense or judgement; unwise.
  • Observant: quick to notice or perceive things; alert, sharp
  • Problematic: constituting or presenting a problem; difficult, taxing
Thus Extraordinary is the correct meaning of the bee’s knees.
Q.3 Select the correctly spelt word.
1. Embarasment
2. Encouragement
3. Comotion
4. Conscinteous
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Encouragement
Encouragement is correctly spelt. It means the action of giving someone support, confidence, or hope; the act of trying to stimulate the development of an activity, state, or belief.
Other words are incorrectly spelt. Given below are the correctly spelt word along with its meaning.
  • Commotion: a state of confused and noisy disturbance.
  • Conscientious: wishing to do one’s work or duty well and thoroughly.
  • Embarrassment: a feeling of self-consciousness, shame, or awkwardness.
Q.4 Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.
Obsolete
1. Rigid
2. Remote
3. Outdated
4. Recent
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Recent
  • Obsolete: no longer produced or used; out of date.
  • Recent: having happened, begun, or been done not long ago; belonging to a past period comparatively close to the present.
  • Rigid: unable to bend or be forced out of shape; not flexible; not able to be changed or adapted.
  • Remote: (of a place) situated far from the main centres of population; distant
  • Outdated: out of date
Thus Recent is the antonym of Obsolete.
Q.5 Select the word which means the same as the given group of words.
A sudden rush of a large number of frightened people or animals.
1. Lunacy
2. Recluse
3. Stampede
4. Scapegoat
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. Stampede
  • Stampede: a sudden panicked rush; rush wildly in a sudden mass panic
  • Lunacy: the state of being a lunatic; insanity (not in technical use); extreme folly or eccentricity.
  • Scapegoat: a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of others, especially for reasons of expediency.
  • Recluse: a person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid other people.
Stampede is the correct word.
Q.6 Select the word which means the same as the given group of words.
One who loads and unloads ships.
1. Spinster
2. Stevedore
3. Rustic
4. Captain
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Stevedore
  • Stevedore: a person employed at a dock to load and unload ships.
    Other words mean:
  • Rustic: relating to the countryside; rural; made in a plain and simple fashion.
  • Spinster: an unmarried woman, typically an older woman beyond the usual age for marriage.
  • Captain: the person in command of a ship; the leader of a team, especially in sports.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
Discipline is doing any work with rules and regulations. It is (1)______ misunderstood as a
restriction to freedom but it makes our life organized. Discipline is a (2)______ for students
and people in different professions. A disciplined person always (3)______ in each and every
field of life. Disciplined people (4)______ a disciplined society and a powerful nation. Discipline
should not be (5)______ upon the people, rather it should come from within.
SubQuestion No : 7
Q.7 Select the most appropriate option for blank number (1)
1. happily
2. usually
3. proudly
4. slowly
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Usually
  • Happily: in a happy way; joyfully
  • Proudly: with a feeling of deep pleasure or satisfaction in one’s own achievements, qualities, or possessions or those of someone with whom one is closely associated.
  • Slowly: at a slow speed; not quickly
  • Usually: under normal conditions; generally
The other options do not fit in the context.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
Discipline is doing any work with rules and regulations. It is (1)______ misunderstood as a
restriction to freedom but it makes our life organized. Discipline is a (2)______ for students
and people in different professions. A disciplined person always (3)______ in each and every
field of life. Disciplined people (4)______ a disciplined society and a powerful nation. Discipline
should not be (5)______ upon the people, rather it should come from within.
SubQuestion No : 8
Q.8 Select the most appropriate option for blank number (2)
1. virtue
2. curse
3. dream
4. disadvantage
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. Virtue
  • Virtue: behaviour showing high moral standards
  • Disadvantage: an unfavourable circumstance or condition that reduces the chances of success or effectiveness.
  • Dream: a series of thoughts, images & sensations occurring in a person’s mind during sleep.
  • Curse: a solemn utterance intended to invoke a supernatural power to inflict harm or punishment on someone or something.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
Discipline is doing any work with rules and regulations. It is (1)______ misunderstood as a
restriction to freedom but it makes our life organized. Discipline is a (2)______ for students
and people in different professions. A disciplined person always (3)______ in each and every
field of life. Disciplined people (4)______ a disciplined society and a powerful nation. Discipline
should not be (5)______ upon the people, rather it should come from within.
SubQuestion No : 9
Q.9 Select the most appropriate option for blank number (3)
1. successful
2. success
3. succeeds
4. succeed
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. succeeds
The most suitable option is ‘succeeds’. The verb must be in accordance with the subject which is in 3rd person singular form.
The other given options form the different parts of speech.
  • Successful: accomplishing a desired aim or result
  • Succeed: achieve the desired aim or result
  • Success: the accomplishment of an aim or purpose
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
Discipline is doing any work with rules and regulations. It is (1)______ misunderstood as a
restriction to freedom but it makes our life organized. Discipline is a (2)______ for students
and people in different professions. A disciplined person always (3)______ in each and every
field of life. Disciplined people (4)______ a disciplined society and a powerful nation. Discipline
should not be (5)______ upon the people, rather it should come from within.
SubQuestion No : 10
Q.10 Select the most appropriate option for blank number (4)
1. made
2. makes
3. had made
4. make
The correct answer is option 4  i.e. make
The passage tone is in the simple present tense and hence requires a verb in accordance.
Make: the base form of the verb is the most suitable option for blank 4. It means to form; cause something to exist
The other given options are different verb forms.
  • Makes: 3rd person singular
  • Had made:  past perfect tense
  • Made: past tense
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
Discipline is doing any work with rules and regulations. It is (1)______ misunderstood as a
restriction to freedom but it makes our life organized. Discipline is a (2)______ for students
and people in different professions. A disciplined person always (3)______ in each and every
field of li fe. Disciplined people (4)______ a disciplined society and a powerful nation. Discipline
should not be (5)______ upon the people, rather it should come from within.
SubQuestion No : 11
Q.11 Select the most appropriate option for blank number (5)
1. adorned
2. imposed
3. curbed
4. reposed
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. imposed
  • Imposed: (past tense) force on someone
  • Curbed: (past tense) restrain or keep in check
  • Reposed: (past tense) be situated or kept in a particular place
  • Adorned: (past tense) make more beautiful or attractive
Impose is the best fit option for blank 5.
Q.12 Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given options pick the one that gives their correct order.
A. They can then purchase them on subsidized rates with additional loan facilities.
B. It will import technologically advanced medical instruments and provide them to
entrepreneurs.
C. The Indian Government has announced certain facilities in the budget session.
D. This will help in strengthening the economic condition of entrepreneurs.
1. CBAD
2. CADB
3. BDCA
4. DCAB
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. CBAD
While connecting and framing the sentences in order, it is important that these ideas establish a connection between them.
  • A sentence cannot start with a pronoun. It must refer back to the noun of the sentence. Eg: The team won the match. They were given cash prize and medals.
    They‘ here refers to ‘the team‘. Thus options A, B & D are ruled out.
  • The Indian Government is introduced as the subject. Thus forms the beginning.
  • follows C. In reference to the facilities announced in sentence A, one of them is that the Indian government will import technologically advanced medical instruments.
  • follows B and states that the technologically advanced medical instruments can be purchased on subsidized rates with loan facilities.
  • follows A. When the instruments are purchased on subsidized rates with loan facilities, it will strengthen the economic conditions of entrepreneurs.
  • Thus the correct order is CBAD.
Q.13 Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.
Acknowledgement
1. Confirmation
2. Elimination
3. Compensation
4. Confusion
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. Confirmation
  • Acknowledgement: acceptance of the truth or existence of something; recognition of the importance or quality of something
  • Confirmation: the action of confirming something or the state of being confirmed
  • Confusion: uncertainty about what is happening, intended or required; hesitation; puzzlement
  • Compensation: something, typically money awarded to someone in recognition of loss, or injury
  • Elimination: the complete removal or destruction of something
Confirmation is synonymous with Acknowledgement.
Q.14 Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given options pick the one that gives their correct order.
A. This is because of its aroma, flavour and variety in the market.
B. Thus, it leads to poor health and mental disorders among children.
C. Children as well as teenagers are tempted towards junk food.
D. It has no or negligible nutritional value and high content of sugar and salt.
1. BCDA
2. CADB
3. CDAB
4. ACDB
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. CADB
When we connect and frame the sentences, it is important to establish a connection between them.
  • A sentence cannot start with a determiner. It must have a noun to refer back to. Eg: *This shop is closed.
    The meaning can be understood in the context. However, the beginning of the sentence is incomplete.
    Thus, is ruled out.
  • Words like thus, to sum up, hence are concluding words. They mark the end of the idea. Thus is also ruled out.
  • A sentence cannot start with a pronoun. It refers back to the pronoun. An indefinite pronoun at the beginning of the sentence does not convey the actual meaning of the story, paragraph, idea. Thus is ruled out.
  • The remaining option thus is C. It is an introduction to the paragraph with the subject ‘children as well as teenagers.’
  • A follows C. It connects with A stating that they are attracted towards junk food because of its aroma, flavour.
  • follows next. It states that junk food has negligible nutritional value and high content of sugar and salt.
  • As a concluding statement, follows. It tells that because of negligible nutritional value it leads to poor health and mental disorders among children.
Thus the correct order is CADB.
Children, as well as teenagers, are tempted towards junk food. This is because of its aroma, flavour, and variety in the market. It has no or negligible nutritional value and high content of sugar and salt. Thus, it leads to poor health and mental disorders among children.
Q.15 In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.
When I reached the cinema hall, the movie had already began.
1. already began
2. the movie had
3. the cinema hall
4. When I reached
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. already began
The verb ‘began‘ is used incorrectly. The phrase is in the past perfect tense and thus ‘began’ must be replaced with past participle form ‘begun’.
The forms of the verb are:
begin – simple present
began – simple past
begun – past participle (used in the perfect tense)
The correct sentence will be: When I reached the cinema hall, the movie had already begun.
Q.16 Select the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.
The government should take stringent steps against terrorists and foil their ______ designs.
1. conducive
2. benevolent
3. malicious
4. exemplary
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. malicious
  • Malicious: characterized by malice, intending or intended to do harm
  • Exemplary: serving as a desirable model, very good
  • Conducive: making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible
  • Benevolent: well-meaning and kind
Thus the correct option for the blank is malicious.
Q.17 Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.
To throw a fit
1. Caution someone about fitness
2. Become unconscious
3. Faint and fall down
4. Express extreme anger
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Express extreme anger
To throw a fit means to get very angry or violent.
It matches with (to) express extreme anger.
Eg: The teacher will throw a fit, if the students don’t listen to the instructions.
Q.18 Select the correctly spelt word.
1. Rehersal
2. Employeed
3. Seperable
4. Veterinary
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Veterinary
Veterinary is correctly spelt. It relates to the diseases, injuries and treatment of farm and domestic animals.
The correct spelling of other words and their meaning are given below:
  • Employed: (of a person) having a paid job
  • Separable: able to be separated or treated separately
  • Rehearsal: a practice or trial performance of a play or other work for public performance
Q.19 Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.
Prodigal
1. Humble
2. Trivial
3. Arrogant
4. Extravagant
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Extravagant
  • Prodigal: spending money or using resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant.
  • Humble: having or showing a modest or low estimate of one’s importance; of low social, administrative, or political rank.
  • Trivial: of little value or importance; unimportant
  • Extravagant: lacking restraint in spending money or using resources; exceeding what is reasonable or appropriate; excessive or elaborate.
  • Arrogant: having or revealing an exaggerated sense of one’s own importance or abilities.
Extravagant is synonymous with Prodigal.
Q.20 Select the correct passive form of the given sentence.
His elder sister taught him English.
1. He has been taught English by his elder sister.
2. He was taught English by his elder sister.
3. He is being taught English by his elder sister.
4. His elder sister is taught English by him.
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. He was taught English by his elder sister.
The given sentence is in Active Voice. Its structure is: Subject + V + Indirect object + Direct object.
It needs to be changed into Passive Voice. Its structure will be: Indirect Object + was + V3 + Direct Object + by + Subject.
The tense of the active voice is in Simple Past. When it undergoes change in Passive Voice, auxiliary was is added.
The verbs ‘taught’ here takes both a direct and an indirect object in the Active Voice and the indirect object becomes the subject of the passive voice.
Rules of Conversion from Active to Passive Voice:
  • Identify the subject, the verb and the object: S+V+O
  • Change the object into subject
  • The active verb does not have an object. Therefore, the passive form should begin with you.
  • Change the verb into past participle of the verb
  • Change the subject into object
Q.21 Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If there is no need to substitute it, select No improvement.
The mathematical calculation of this problem is easy than a previous one.
1. easiest than the
2. No Improvement
3. easy than the
4. easier than the
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. easier than the 
The phrase easy than a is incorrectly used. In the given sentence, the ease of calculation of the two problems is compared.
When an adjective is used to compare two entities, the comparative degree is used. To form a comparative degree, er is added in the positive degree 
Here, easy is the positive degree and the comparative degree will be easier.
The three forms of easy are:
easy – positive degree
easier – comparative degree
easiest – superlative degree
Thus the correct sentence will be: The mathematical calculation of this problem is easier than the previous one.
Q.22 In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.
Those who follow a healthy routine is likely enjoying good health.
1. is likely enjoying
2. good health
3. Those who follow
4. a healthy routine
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. is likely enjoying
The error is in the 3rd part of the sentence. ‘is likely enjoying’ is a wrong phrase used.
  • The Subject-Verb agreement rule is violated here. The plural subject takes a plural verb.
  • ‘Those’ is a plural subject and in accordance, the verb must be ‘are’.
  • Also, the to-infinitive form must be used after likely.
Thus the correct sentence will be: Those who follow a healthy routine are likely to enjoy good health.
Q.23 Select the correct indirect form of the given sentence.
The teacher said to me, “You have not submitted the assignment.”
1. The teacher said to me that I have not submitted the assignment.
2. The teacher said me that I had not submitted the assignment.
3. The teacher told to me that I have not submitted that assignment.
4. The teacher told me that I had not submitted the assignment.
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. The teacher told me that I had not submitted the assignment.
The sentence is in Direct speech and is an assertive sentence. It indicates the speaker’s actual words.
It must be changed into indirect speech.
  • The reported verb ‘said’ is in the past tense. The reported speech is in the present perfect tense ‘have not’.
  • While converting from direct to indirect speech, the tense of the reported speech changes. Thus from the present perfect tense, it changes to past perfect tense i.e., ‘have => had’
  • The quotation marks and commas are replaced with determiner ‘that’.
  • Personal pronouns ‘you‘ changes to ‘I‘.
  • Thus the correct sentence is: The teacher told me that I had not submitted the assignment.
Q.24 Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence.
No effort has been made by the Indian cricket team to cash off on its vibrant image in the World Cup.
1. to cash in on
2. for cash through in
3. to cash up on
4. for cashing off on
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. to cash in on
to cash off on is a wrong phrase.
The correct phrase is to cash in on. It means to gain an advantage from a situation to make a profit.
The other phrases are incorrect in their usage.
The correct sentence will be: No effort has been made by the Indian cricket team to cash in on its vibrant image in the World Cup.
Q.25 Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.
Derogatory
1. Depreciating
2. Insulting
3. Intricate
4. Complimentary
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Complimentary
  • Derogatory: showing a critical or disrespectful attitude.
  • Insulting: disrespectful or scornfully abusive.
  • Depreciating: diminishing in value over a period of time.
  • Intricate: very complicated or detailed.
  • Complimentary: expressing a compliment; praising or approving.
Thus Complimentary is antonym of Derogatory.

Download Complete SSC CGL 2019 Paper Held on 03 March 2020 Shift 2 paper here Click Download below.

Manish Aggarwal
Founder of edumo, Educator, BCA Graduate, Educational Content Writer
http://edumo.in

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