Q.1 Which of the following is NOT a twin city of India?
1. Hubli and Dharwad
2. Cuttack and Bhubaneswar
3. Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar
4. Thrissur and Thiruvalla
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Thrissur and Thiruvalla
Thrissur and Thiruvalla both cities are located in the state of Kerela.
The word Thrissur is considered to be an anglicised form of the world Thrissivaperur which is the original name of the city.
The word Thirisavepurar means ‘Town of the Sacred Siva’.
It was also known as ‘Vrishabhadipuram’ and ‘Ten Kailasam’.
Saktan Tanpuram is considered the architect of the city.
The ancient name of Thiruvalla was ‘Valla Vai’ a town located on the Vallapuzha river (now Manimala).
Cuttack-Bhubaneshwar twin city belongs to Odisha, Hubli-Dharwad to Karnataka and Ahmedabad-Gandhinagar to Gujarat.
*There is no official criteria of declaring twin cities, but the cities located close to each other that can be developed as one are called twin cities.
Q.2 Who is the first Indian to bag two International hat-tricks in cricket?
1. Virat Kohli
2. Kedar Jadhav
3. Rohit Sharma
4. Kuldeep Yadav
The Correct Answer is Option 4. Kuldeep Yadav
He made is the second Hatrick in ODIs against West Indies in December 2018.
Kuldeep Bagged his first hattrick against Australia in 2017 at Eden Gardens.
The other international cricketers to have double hattricks to their name are Wasim Akram, Saqlain Mushtaq, Chaminda Vaas and Trent Boult.
Lasith Malinga is the only cricketer to have three hattricks to his name and he claimed these against Australia, Kenya and South Africa.
Mohammad Shami, Kapil Dev and Chetan Sharma also have hattricks to their name.
Q.3 Who chaired the sixth meeting of the Island Development Agency in New Delhi in January 2020?
1. Narendra Modi
2. Nirmala Sitharaman
3. Nitin Gadkari
4. Amit Shah
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Amit Shah
This meeting was held in New Delhi in January 2020.
The meeting was attended by Lt. Governor of Andaman & Nicobar, Administrator of Lakshadweep, the Cabinet Secretary, CEO of NITI Aayog and secretary and officials from various Ministries.
Plans for tourism promotion, the export of seafood and coconut-based products have been taken up.
Development of Land and Water-based tourism to be boosted.
Digitally connecting will be improved in the islands of the two Archipelago through submarine Optical Fibre Cables.
Improvement of air and sea connectivity has been proposed along with airports at Greater Nicobar and Minicoy Islands.
Island Development Agency was established on June 1, 2017, to undertake island development.
Andaman and Nicobar islands:
These islands are a seaward extension of Arakan- Yoma Mountains of Myanmar.
The Andaman group consists of North Andaman, Middle Andaman, South Andaman & Little Andaman and the Nicobar group consists of Car Nicobar, the Little Nicobar, and the Great Nicobar.
The capital city Port Blair is situated in the South Andaman.
10º Channel separates the Andaman islands from Nicobar.
The Barren Island, India’s only active volcano is in the Middle Andaman and Narcondam is also a volcanic island.
Saddle Peak is the highest point of this Archipelago.
Indira Point, India’s southernmost tip is part of Greater Nicobar.
Andaman and Nicobar islands are one of the biodiversity hotspots of India.
This archipelago consists of 36 islands and atolls that are of Coral origin.
The capital of Lakshadweep is Kavaratti.
These were earlier known as Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands.
Andrott is the largest island of this group.
Lakshadweep islands are separated from the Maldives by 8º Channel.
Q.4 In which state did the second phase of Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 2.0 begin in January 2020?
2. Uttar Pradesh
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Uttar Pradesh
Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0:
This mission is based in the Intensified Mission Indradhanush which previously had its base in Mission Indradhanush.
It aims to achieve full immunisation in all 272 identified districts in 27 states.
This mission was to be carried out in 4 phases the first phase starting in December 2019, then continuing in January, February and March 2020.
Four rounds of activity will be conducted over 7 working days excluding holidays.
Enhanced focus will be on the left-outs.
Focus on the Urban and underserved tribal population will be laid.
Enhanced immunisation sessions.
It was launched in 2014 by the union government after realising the incompetence of the Universal Immunisation Programme which could achieve 65% immunisation only.
This mission was launched to achieve full immunisation for the children up to 2 years of age and all pregnant ladies.
201 districts were identified in 28 states under this mission.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush:
It was launched in October 2017 to reach out to all the children and Pregnant ladies who were left under Mission Indradhanush.
This programme aimed to ensure full vaccination of more than 90% of the target population.
It was also conducted in 4 rounds in 173 focus districts.
*Under the immunisation programmes in India Government provides the vaccine against Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, severe form of Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B, Meningitis and Measles free of cost. Vaccination against endemic disease like Japanese Encephalitis is also provided.
Q.5 Who was chosen as foreign secretary of India in January 2020?
1. Harsh Vardhan Shringla
2. Nirupama Rao
3. Ranjan Mathai
4. Vijay Keshav Gokhale
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Harsh Vardhan Shringla
On January 29, 2020, Harsh Vardhan Shringla became the Foreign Secretay of India succeeding Vijay Gokhale.
He is a 1984 batch Indian Foreign Services (IFS) officer.
His latest posting was in USA as Indian envoy to the country.
This Time Government has bypassed the convention of appointing the seniormost official to the post and has chosen him over Ruchi Ghanshyam Indian High Commissioner to the UK.
The foreign secretary is the administrative head of Ministry of External Affairs and is appointed for a term of two years.
Ranjan Mathai was appointed as foreign secretary in 2011.
Nirupama Rao is a 1973 batch IFS officer and served as foreign secretary from 2009 to 2011.
Q.6 Which city of India is known as ‘The Athens of the East’?
The Correct Answer is Option 4. i.e. Madurai
The city of Madurai is located in Tamil Nadu on the banks of River Vaigai.
It has found mentions in the texts of Kautilya and Megasthenes dating back to 3rd century BC.
The ancient city has served as the capital of the Kingdom of Pandyas.
The city was initially developed in the shape of Lotus.
The magnificent Hindu temples are the major attractions of Madurai like Meenakshi Amman Temple, Koodal Azhagar Temple and many more.
The resemblance to Athens: Madurai is known as the Athens of East due to two features mentioned as follows:
In Athens, there is Greek Pantheon an elevated top that is visible from anywhere in the city. Similarly, the Gopurams of the Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple are visible from anywhere.
Another feature is the walkways that favour pedestrians inside the city. The two-way lanes for the vehicular traffic are mostly located on the outskirts of the city.
*But with time, the visibility of gopurams has been affected by the high rising buildings and the pedestrian walkways by increased traffic.
Q.7 In which city was the Jhanda Satyagraha or Flag Satyagraha of 1923 held?
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Nagpur
The Satyagrah was started in Jabalpur and concluded in the city of Nagpur.
The tricolor was first hoisted in the townhall of Bilaspur in March 1923, under the leadership of Sunderlal.
But after the arrest of Sunderlal, the leadership was handed over to Mahatma Bhagwandin.
He had a popular base in Nagpur, therefore the spark shifted from Jabalpur to Nagpur.
On April 13, the anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre a flag March was organized which was opposed by the residents of civil lines.
After this the Satyagraha was brutally suppressed, around 17,000 people were arrested, but a few volunteers kept the non-violent Satyagrah alive.
Finally, Satyagrah was concluded on August 17, 1923, under the leadership of Sardar Patel.
Q.8 Which part of the body is responsible for the manufacture of red blood cells?
4. Bone marrow
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Bone marrow
Bone Marrow is the soft tissue present inside the Medullary cavities of a bone.
It is mainly present in the hip and thigh bones.
Bone marrow produces immature cells called Stem cells that can transform into various kinds of cells later on.
Mesenchymal and Hematopoietic are the two types of stem cells produced by Bone Marrow.
Mesenchymal transform into fat cartilage and bones whereas Hematopoietic turn into Blood cells (RBC, WBC and Platelets).
Red Blood Cells (RBC):
These are also known as Erythrocytes.
These disc-shaped cells contain Haemoglobin and have no nucleus.
RBCs are produced in Bone Marrow and Spleen & Liver (in the foetus).
The average lifetime of RBCs is 120 days.
RBCs, when produced in more amount, leads to Polycythemia and if produced in lesser amount leads to Anaemia.
Q.9 Which pillar inscriptions has recorded the achievements of Samudra Gupta, who was known as the ‘Napoleon of India’ for his conquests?
1. Allahabad Pillar
2. Iron Pillar
3. Vijaya Stambha
4. Sun Pillar
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Allahabad Pillar
The Prayag Prashasti Pillar is considered to be erected during the time of the Mauryan empire.
Harisena the poet in Samudraguta’s Court inscribed the achievements of the ruler in this inscription.
The inscription also applauds and praises the ruler for his conquests and is inscribed in Sanskrit.
Samudragupta is the successor of Chandragupta-I and ruled from 335 – 380 AD.
According to Allahabad pillar inscription, he has never faced any defeat and hence called the Napolean of India.
He also assumed the titles of Kaviraj and Vikramanka.
Meghvarman, the ruler of Sri Lanka was also granted permission to build a Buddhist temple at Gaya by him.
He defeated the kings of Ganga Yamuna plains, Eastern Himalayas, Vindhyan region, Eastern Deccan and southern kingdoms and tuned them into vassalage.
Q.10 Who was appointed as Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund in October, 2019?
1. Rodrigo Rato
2. Christine Lagarde
3. Kristalina Georgieva
4. Dominique Strauss-Kahn
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Kristalina Georgieva
Before assuming the office of Managing Director of IMF Kristalina Georgieva held the office of Wolrd Bank CEO.
On October 1, 2019, she succeeded Christine Lagarde to become the Managing Director of IMF.
She is a Bulgarian lady who has chaired and worked with many International Platforms contributing in the fields of Climate Change and Other humanitarian crisis
She has also played an important role in Economic Commission and has provided her services to Wolrd Bank before that.
International Monetary Fund (IMF):
IMF is an international organisation established in 1944 and headquartered at Washington DC, USA.
It is one of the institutions of the World Bank Group, having 189 countries as its members.
IMF aims to stabilize the global economy, Improve international trade and monitor financial policies of its member nations
IMF provides loans to the countries which are suffering Balance of Payment crisis.
Following reports/indices are published by IMF:
World Economic Outlook.
Global Financial Stability Report.
Q.11 Which of the following is NOT a nationalised bank?
1. United Bank of India
2. State Bank of India
3. Punjab National Bank
4. Punjab and Sind Bank
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e State Bank of India
The nationalization of banks began on July 19, 1969, during the tenure of Indira Gandhi.
The whole process took place in two phases.
In 1969, 14 Private Sector Banks were nationalized that accounted for around 80% of the money deposited in banks.
This major financial step was taken up to reform the lending sector and provide credit to some priority sectors like agriculture and small scale businesses.
Then in 1980, another 6 banks were nationalized.
State Bank of India:
Merger of Bank of Calcutta, Bank of Madras and Bank of Bombay in 1921 laid to the foundation of Imperial Bank of India.
In 1955 after the enactment of the State Bank of India Act Imperial Bank was renamed as State Bank of India (SBI).
Its 60% stake was bought by RBI and SBI came under the control of the Government as Public Sector Undertaking.
In 1969, SBI was already under the control of the government hence there was no need to nationalize it.
Therefore, although SBI is a Public Sector Bank but is not included in the list of nationalized banks.
Currently, SBI is headquartered at Mumbai.
*Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) is another Public Sector Bank which is not nationalized.
Q.12 Jellyfish are an example of which type of phylum?
1. Phylum -Porifera
2. Phylum -Protozoa
3. Phylum -Ctenophora
4. Phylum – Cnidaria
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Phylum – Cnidaria
Jellyfish are actually an Invertebrates (without spinal cord) and not fish.
These free-swimming sea creatures move in the direction of ocean currents and are found in almost all parts of the oceans.
Some of the jellyfish are immobile also and are bound to seabeds.
Mostly the Jellyfish have an umbrella or bell-shaped body and are clearly transparent (some of them can have fascinating colours).
They have an opening inside through which they eat their prey and discard the waste through the same opening.
Their fossils confirm their existence in pre dinosaurs periods also.
Phylum – Protozoa
Phylum – Cnidaria
Phylum – Porifera
Phylum – Ctenophora
Q.13 In which period was the legendary Victoria Terminus station (currently Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus), Mumbai built?
1. 1933 to 1943
2. 1911 to 1921
3. 1843 to 1853
4. 1878 to 1888
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e 1878 to 1888
The construction of Victoria terminus was started in 1878 to establish a new railway station in the place of old Bori Bunder railway station.
The design was prepared by the architect FW Stevens in rich Italian Gothic Style.
The terminus was named after the name of Queen Victoria, who completed 50 years as a monarch in 1887.
In 1996 the terminus was renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus to honour the great legend.
In May 2017, the word Maharaja was also added and hence known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus.
The railways were introduced in India in 1853 during the tenure of Lord Dalhousie.
The first railway line was laid from Bombay (now Mumbai) to Thane.
Mumbai is known as The City of Seven Islands.
Bombay was gifted by the Portuguese to King Charles II of Britain as dowry after he married Princess Catherine in1662.
Q.14 Which Tennis star will have a Swiss coin minted in his/her honour?
1. Rafael Nadal
2. Novak Djokovic
3. Serena Williams
4. Roger Federer
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Roger Federer
The Swissmint announced to mint 20 Franc coin in honour of Roger Federer in December 2019.
With this, he will become only Swiss personality to have a coin minted to his honour while alive.
Roger Federer is a Swiss Tennis Player.
He has 20 Grandslam Titles to his name highest in men’s category.
Serena Williams is an American Tennis player with 23 Grand slams to her name, highest for any player of the modern era.
Rafael Nadal a Tennis Player from Spain has won the Grandslam 19 times.
Novac Djokovic from Serbia has claimed 17 Grand slams.
Q.15 In the sequence of planets in the solar system, which planet comes in between Mars and Saturn?
The correct answer is option 3 i.e Jupiter
Q.16 In which state has the Jawara Dance, a dance form to celebrate wealth, originated?
2. Madhya Pradesh
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Madhya Pradesh
Jawara Dance is also known as Harvest dance particularly practised in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh.
Men and women perform this dance to celebrate the wealth and happiness after the harvesting of their Jowar crop.
Women keep the Jawara filled baskets on their heads and balance them while dancing.
People perform this dance wearing colourful clothes and jewellery.
Madhya Pradesh is a central Indian state with its capital at Bhopal.
It ranks 2nd according to the area and 5th on the basis of Population.
Indore in Madhya Pradesh is known as the geographical centre of India.
Block Mountain chains of Vindhya and Satpura flank the state.
Madhya Pradesh is one of the 8 Indian states through which Tropic of Cancer passes.
Narmada, Tapi and Son rivers originate from the mountain ranges of Madhya Pradesh.
Panna National Park, Satpura Tiger Reserve, Bandhavgarh National Park and Kanha Tiger reserve are the major conservation areas in the state.
Q.17 Which Union Minister of Home Affairs released a book titled Karmayodha Granth in New Delhi?
1. P Chidambaram
2. Amit Shah
3. Sushilkumar Shinde
4. Rajnath Singh
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Amit Shah
The book was released on January 7, 2020.
The book is based on the life story of Honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
On the launch of this book Amit Shah while addressing the people he discussed various phases of the life of the Prime Minister.
Mr Shah also described a man with a beating heart for people, a statesman, a hard taskmaster, an able administrator and an ideal leader as qualities of a Karmyodha.
He also talked about the hardships that Mr Modi had to face while living in poverty.
The achievements and the developmental activities taken up by the Prime Minister were also applauded by Amit Shah.
He mentioned about the 13 crores free LPG connections, construction of household and public toilets, universal healthcare (Ayushman Yojana) provided to the people under the leadership of Narendra Modi.
Q.18 Which city in India is world renowned for one of the most traditional embroidery styles, Chikankari?
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Lucknow
It is very intricate and delicate threadwork done on the muslin clothe originally.
Nowadays the work is being used to decorate a wide variety of fabric.
There are many views regarding the origin of this embroidery style:
Some believe that it originated in Persia and was taught to Indian by a Persian trader.
Other sources state that the art has been mentioned in accounts of Magasthenes which date back to 3rd century BC, hence it originated in India only.
Meanwhile, Noor Jahan, the queen of Jahangir is also accredited with the introduction of Chikankari to India.
Q.19 John Maynard Keynes, best known for his economic theories (Keynesian economics), hailed from which country?
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e England
John Maynard Keynes was born on June 5, 1883, in Cambridge.
He completed his degree in Mathematics and had also joined Civil Services in Britain.
He represented the Brish Treasury at the Conference of Versailles but resigned because he was against the heavy fine levied on Germany.
He expressed his concerns about the fine imposed on Germany in his book ‘The Economic Consequences of Peace’.
In 1923, he published a book ‘A Tract on Monetary Reform’.
‘The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money’ published in1936 made a revolutionary change in economics as a subject.
The book mainly focussed on two aspects employment and effective demand.
According to him increasing employment will lead to more people buying more goods and hence demand will increase leading to economic progress.
He also stated that without the government’s intervention full employment cannot be achieved.
Q.20 Georg Simon Ohm in whose honour we have the famous Ohm’s Law, hailed from which country?
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Germany
Ohm was born on March 16, 1789, in Erlangen, Bavaria.
While teaching in Jesuits College he undertook the experiments on Newly discovered phenomenon of Electromagnetism.
He observed the dependence of magnetic flux on the conductor material.
Later in 1827, he gave a law establishing the relationship between Voltage, Electric Current and Resistance but he was severely criticized for this and was also thrown out of his job.
But in 1841, the importance of his study was recognised and in 1849 he was offered a position of Experimental Physics Professor at the University of Munich.
The unit of Resistance has been named after him as ‘Ohm’.
It states that amount electric current through passing a conductor is directly proportional to the voltage across two ends of it. Following its the mathematical expression for Ohm’s Law.
V = IR.
Q.21 Who was the first Governor of Madhya Pradesh?
1. BD Sharma
2. GP Singh
3. NN Wanchu
4. Dr. Sitaramayya
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Dr. Sitaramayya
Dr Sitaramayya was born in 1880 in Andhra Pradesh.
He had actively participated in the Indian freedom struggle and served in the Congress Working Committee.
He also presided the Jaipur session of INC in 1948.
Dr Sitaramayya was one of the members of the JVP committee constituted to examine the recommendations Dhar Commission in 1952.
Bhagwat Dayal Sharma
First Cheif Minister of Haryana.
Governor of Odisha.
Governor of Madhya Pradesh.
Governor of Madhya Pradesh (first).
Guru Prasanna Singh
Chief Justice of MP High Court.
Governor of Madhya Pradesh
Niranjan Nath Wanchoo
Governor of Kerela.
Governor of Madhya Pradesh.
Q.22 Freedom fighter Sucheta Kripalani, became the first woman chief minister of which state?
1. Andhra Pradesh
2. Uttar Pradesh
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Uttar Pradesh
Sucheta Kriplani was born on June 25, 1908.
She joined the freedom struggle after completing her graduation and became a disciple of Gandhiji.
In 1936 She married JB Kriplani.
She also laid the foundation of Women’s wing of Congress in 1940.
She handled underground non-violent political activities during the freedom struggle.
She was appointed a member of the constituent assembly in 1946.
She sang Vande Mataram on 14th August 1947 in the opening session of parliament.
But due to ideological differences with Nehru, she along with her husband left congress after Independence.
She formed a new party of her called Kisan Majdoor Praja Party and served as MP from New Delhi.
But in 1957 she rejoined the congress and in 1963 became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh was earlier known as United Provinces (till 1950).
It is the largest state in terms of population and comprises of 16.50% of the total population of India
It ranks 4th in terms of area.
Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh.
Yogi Adityanath and Anandiben Patel are the current Chief Minister and Governor of the state.
According to the census of 2011, the Literacy rate of Uttar Pradesh is 67.68% and the sex ratio is 912/1000.
Q.23 Methane is a colourless, odourless, non-toxic but flammable gas. What is its common name?
1. Laughing gas
2. Heating gas
3. Blue vitriol
4. Marsh gas
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Marsh gas
Methane is the hydrocarbon having the lowest molecular mass with chemical formula CH4.
It is called Marsh gas because it is released in huge amounts from marshes where anaerobic bacteria decompose matter.
It was discovered by Alessandro Volta in 1776.
It is the main constituent of Biogas and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG).
It is a Greenhouse gas and its global warming potential is 28 – 36 times as that of CO2.
Paddy fields are also a huge source of Methane emissions.
N2O/ Nitrous Oxide
CuSO4/ Copper Sulfate
Q.24 The development of a fruit without fertilization is called ______.
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e. Parthenocarpy
During normal fruit development, the pollens from stamen reach the stigma and then travels down to ovary where pollen and ovule combine to form an embryo.
The embryo then grows into a zygote and then into seed and then fruit development starts.
But when the fruit production is brought about without fertilisation (naturally or artificially), it is called Parthenocarpy.
A sexual reproduction without fertilisation.
Development of a fruit without fertilization.
The selective transmission of one of the parental genes in hybrids.
The fusion between the gametes.
Q.25 Which US based Indian topped the Forbes India’s ‘20 people to watch in the 2020s’ list?
1. Prashant Kishor
2. Hasan Minhaj
3. Mahua Moitra
4. Dushyant Chautala
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Hasan Minhaj
Hasan Minhaj is an Indian origin US-born comedian and political commentator.
He has been the critical of Indian elections and political system.
Due to such a personality, he had been denied entry at Howdy Modi event in Texas.
Mahua Moitra (Lok Saha member from TMC), Dushyant Chautala (Deputy CM of Haryana) and Prashant Kishor (poll strategist) have also featured in this list.
Kanhaiya Kumar, Garima Arora and Aditya Mittal also got their names on the list.
The international personalities like Gotabaya Rajapaksa, Mohammed bin Salman, Boris Johnson, Sanna Marina and Greta Thunberg also found a place on the list.