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Q.1 Four multi-storied illegal constructions – Jain Coral Cove, H20 Holy Faith, Alfa Serene and Golden Kayaloram – were razed to the ground in January 2020 following Supreme Court instructions. In which state did this happen?
4. Tamil Nadu
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Kerala
Four multi-storied illegal constructions – Jain Coral Cove, H20 Holy Faith, Alfa Serene, and Golden Kayaloram – were razed to the ground in January 2020 following Supreme Court instructions. It happened in Kerala.
Around 850 kg of explosives were required for the demolition of the buildings. It was a controlled implosion.
There were almost 343 waterfront flats which were built in the Maradu municipality. It violated the Coastal Regulation Zone norms.
These buildings were constructed in a Coastal Regulation Zone. This zone was a part of the tidally-influenced water body in Kerala.
The Supreme Court had directed the concerned authorities in September 2019 to demolish apartment complexes within 138 days.
Q.2 Name the company that has acquired an online travel portal Yatra Online Inc., for an enterprise value of $337.8 million, in an all-stock transaction.
1. Make my trip.com
3. Ebix Inc.
4. Trip Advisor
The Correct Answer is Option 3. Ebix Inc
Ebix Inc. has acquired an online travel portal Yatra Online Inc., for an enterprise value of $337.8 million, in an all-stock transaction.
Ebix Inc.is a supplier of on-demand software and e-commerce services. It is more focused on Business to Business Segment whereas Yatra Online is more focused on Business to Customer segment.
However, it was decided that Yatra would continue to be independently run and would retain its brand and status in India.
EbixCash is an Indian subsidiary of the company. It had bought Mumbai-based Mercury Travels and Delhi-based Leisure Corp with an aim to create a travel division which would be greatly focused on luxury-, events- and sports-related travellers.
Ebix chairman, president and CEO- Robin Raina
Q.3 Which of the following is an INCORRECT sequence of Mughal rulers?
1. Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb
2. Akbar, Shah Jahan, Jahangir
3. Babur, Humayun, Akbar
4. Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Akbar, Shah Jahan, Jahangir
The correct sequence of important Mughal rulers: Babur ⇒ Humayun ⇒ Akbar ⇒ Jahangir ⇒ Shah Jahan ⇒ Aurangzeb.
Mughal Dynasty was predominant in Northern India and ruled from the early 16th to the mid-18th century.
Babur was the founder of the dynasty. He overthrew Lodhi dynasty in the First Battle of Panipat.
It was during the Mughal dynasty when famous monuments were constructed in India- Taj Mahal, Lal Quilla, Humayun’s Tomb, Bibi ka Maqbara, Safdarjung Tomb.
However, Mughals had to fight several battles in order to maintain their ruling in Northern India.
Q.4 The recently revoked ‘Article 370’ is associated with which of these states of India?
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Kashmir
The recently revoked ‘Article 370’ is associated with Jammu and Kashmir.
Under this article, the state of J&K had certain autonomy- separate constitution, separate flag and freedom to make laws. However, Foreign affairs, defense and communications of the state were still under the authority of the Central Government.
After the scrapping of Article 370, it would have to abide by the Indian constitution much like any other state.
All Indian laws are automatically applicable to people residing there and people from outside the state would be able to buy property there as it was not allowed as per the state’s constitution.
This move is welcomed by many as the Central Government would now be able to run academic institutions, build proper infrastructure and construct factories for production, etc.
Now the former state has been divided into Union Territories – Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.
Q.5 Bhavai and Kalbelia as traditional dance forms, owe their genesis to which Indian state?
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Rajasthan
Bhavai and Kalbelia as traditional dance forms owe their genesis to-Rajasthan.
Bhavai – It is a swaying and twirling movements performed by women but can also be performed by men. It involves tricky balancing acts such as balancing seven to nine brass pots on the head while standing on narrow or sharp objects.
Kalbelia – It is more often associated with the tribe – Kalbelia of Rajasthan. The women sway, twirl and gyrate to the music and use acrobatic dance steps to showcase the flexibility and the different instruments are played by men.
Assam Traditional Folk Dance – Bihu.
Punjab Traditional Folk Dance – Bhangra and Giddha
Haryana traditional Folk Dance – Dhamal, Phag, Jhumar, etc.
Q.6 Iranian Major General Qasem Soleimani was recently (2020) assassinated by the US military in ______.
1. United Arab Emirates
3. Saudi Arabia
The Correct Answer is Option 2. i.e. Iraq
Iranian Major General Qasem Soleimani was recently (2020) assassinated by the US military in Iraq.
He was killed in a U.S. airstrike in Baghdad.
Qasem Soleimani had been a key figure of Iranian and the Middle East politics. He led a special forces unit of Iran’s elite Revolutionary Guards.
It was under his leadership when Iran expanded its military presence in Iraq and Syria.
His killing caused a major escalation in tensions between the USA and Iran.
As per the statement of the government of the USA, “Soleimani had been “developing plans to attack American diplomats and service members in Iraq and throughout the region”.
Q.7 Who is the only scientist in the world to have won the Nobel prize in Chemistry twice?
1. Linus Carl Pauling
2. Roger D. Kornberg
3. Madame Curie
4. Frederick Sanger
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Frederick Sanger
Frederick Sanger– the only scientist in the world to have won the Nobel prize in Chemistry twice.
He was a medical practitioner by profession, born in Gloucestershire in South West England.
His primarily work, however, focused on working with problems related to the determination of the structure of proteins. He later determined the structure of insulin.
First Nobel Prize (in chemistry) – It was awarded for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin in 1958.
Second Nobel Prize(in chemistry) – It was awarded into two halves. The first half went to Paul Berg “for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant – DNA”. The other half was divided between Walter Gilbert and Frederick Sanger “for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids.” It was in the year 1980.
Q.8 The American scientist Edwin Hubble’s name is associated with which of these theories?
1. Lattice Gauge Theory
2. Quantum Chromodynamics Theory
3. Partial Coherence of Light Theory
4. The Big Bang Theory
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e The Big Bang Theory
Edwin Hubble’s name is associated with “The Big Bang Theory“.
This theory gives an explanation of how our universe might have started in the first place.
As per this theory, the universe that we know today started with a small singularity and then inflated over the next 13.8 billion years (present times).
Edwin Hubble was an American Astronomer. His work involved extragalactic astronomy.
The Hubble telescope, the first major optical telescope to be placed in space, is named after him.
Q.9 The city of Vijayawada lies on the banks of which of these rivers?
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Krishna
The city of Vijayawada lies on the banks of the Krishna river.
Vijayawada is in Andhra Pradesh.
Krishna River originates from Mahabaleshwar near Jor village in the Satara District, Maharashtra.
It drains into the Bay of Bengal.
It has a total length of about 1,290 km. It also has a very highly fertile delta.
Left Tributaries of Krishna river-Bhima, Dindi, Peddavagu, Halia, Musi, Paleru.
Right Tributaries of Krishna river-Venna, Koyna, Panchganga, Dudhganga, Ghataprabha, Malaprabha, Tungabhadra.
Dams on Krishna river -Almatti Dam, Nagarjuna Sagar Dam,Srisailam Dam, etc.
Q.10 Only one Indian batsman has scored a triple century in test cricket other than Virender Sehwag. Name this batsman.
1. Ajinkya Rahane
2. Rohit Sharma
3. Shikhar Dhawan
4. Karun Nair
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Karun Nair
Karun Nair has scored a triple century in test cricket other than Virender Sehwag.
He struck the triple century on day four of the fifth Test in Chennai against England. He was only playing his third test and he scored 303 runs, not out in December 2016.
Karun, although an International Player, plays domestic cricket from Karnataka side. He has also played in different teams in IPL.
Virendra Sehwag became the first Indian to score a triple century on March 29. 2004 against Pakistan. The second time he hit a triple century on March 29, 2008, against South Africa.
Q.11 What is the name of the phenomena in physics and astronomy which involves the splitting of a spectral line into two or more components of slightly different frequency when the light source is placed in a magnetic field?
1. Lumen Effect
2. Alpenglow Effect
3. Zeeman Effect
4. Raman Effect
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Zeeman Effect
Zeeman Effect:- It is the name of the phenomena in physics and astronomy which involves the splitting of a spectral line into two or more components of slightly different frequencies when the light source is placed in a magnetic field.
It is named after the Dutch physicist Pieter Zeeman.
The effect is caused due to the distortion of the electron orbitals because of the magnetic field.
This effect is very useful n investigating the charge/mass ratio and magnetic moment of an electron.
Raman Effect:- It is nothing but the change in the wavelength of light that occurs whenever a light beam is deflected by molecules.
Alpenglow Effect:- It is an atmospheric optical phenomenon. It makes mountains appear to glow in a light pink or red hue after the Sun sets or just before it rises.
Q.12 When does the entire earth experience equal days and nights?
1. Day of winter solstice
2. Day of summer solstice
3. At orbital plane
4. Day of equinox
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Day of equinox
On the Day of equinox, the entire earth experience equal days and nights.
An equinox occurs when the plane of Earth’s equator passes through the center of the Sun. It takes place twice in a year-March 21 and September 23. However, the dates can sometimes vary by a day or two because of difference in leap and non-leap years.
Winter Solstice-It is the shortest period of daylight and longest night of the year. In this, the Earth’s poles has its maximum tilt away from the Sun.
It occurs twice a year. It occurs once in Northern Hemisphere and once in Southern Hemisphere.
Northern Hemisphere Winter Solstice: 21st December, Southern Hemisphere Winter Solstice: 21st June. Again, the dates can sometimes vary by a day or two because of difference in leap and non-leap years.
Summer Solistice-It is the longest period of daylight and shortest night of the year. In this, the Earth’s poles has its maximum tilt towards the Sun.
It occurs twice a year. It occurs once in Northern Hemisphere and once in Southern Hemisphere.
Northern Hemisphere Summer Solstice: 21st June, Southern Hemisphere Summer Solstice: 22nd December. Again, the dates can sometimes vary by a day or two because of difference in leap and non-leap years.
Q.13 Who among the following is the current (January 2020) Governor of Kerala?
1. Arif Mohammed Khan
2. Satya Pal Mallik
3. Lalji Tandon
4. B.D. Mishra
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Arif Mohammed Khan
Governor of Kerala – Arif Mohammed Khan
He had previously been a cabinet minister in the Union government handling the portfolios of Energy and Civil Aviation among others.
Chief Minister of Kerala- Pinarayi Vijayan. Capital of Kerala-Thiruvananthapuram
B.D. Mishra – He is the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh.
Satya Pal Malik – He is the Governor of Goa.
Lalji Tandon – He is the Governor of Madhya Pradesh.
Q.14 Name the two Indian actors who shared the National Best Actor Award (Male) in the 66th National Film Awards 2019.
1. Ayushmann Khurrana and Vicky Kaushal
2. Ranbir Kapoor and Akshay Kumar
3. Nana Patekar and Mohanlal
4. Amitabh Bachchan and Ranbir Kapoor
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Ayushmann Khurrana and Vicky Kaushal
Ayushmann Khurrana and Vicky Kaushal – shared the National Best Actor Award (Male) in the 66th National Film Awards 2019.
It was the 66th edition of the National Film Awards.
Ayushmann Khurana won for his performances in ‘Andhadhun’ whereas Vicky Kaushal won for his performance in ‘Uri: The Surgical strike”.
South Indian star Keerthi Suresh won the the National award for Best Actress for her performance in ‘Mahanati’. This movie is a biopic of the legendary Telugu actress Savitri.
Best Feature Film Award-Gujarati film ‘Hellaro’
Best Popular Film-‘Badhaai Ho’
Best Film on Social Issues-‘Padman’ starring Akshay Kumar
National award for Best Director-Aditya Dhar. He directed “Uri: The Surgical strike”.
Q.15 Former union minister and former Karnataka CM, D.V. Sadananda Gowda is a cabinet minister in the current central cabinet (February-2020). What is his portfolio?
1. Law and Justice
2. Chemicals and Fertilizers
3. Public Distribution
4. Tribal Affairs
The correct answer is option 2 i.e Chemicals and Fertilizers
Former union minister and former Karnataka CM, D.V. Sadananda Gowda is a cabinet minister in the Chemicals and Fertilizers in current central cabinet (February-2020).
Union Minster of Law and Justice-Ravi Shankar Prasad. He is also the Union Minister of Communications and Electronics and Information Technology.
Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution – Ramvilas Paswan
Union Minister of Tribal Affairs – Arjun Munda
Q.16 Who among the following is known as the ‘father of Muslim renaissance’ in Bengal?
1. Sir Sayed Ahmed Khan
2. Ameer Ali
3. Nawab Abdul Latif Khan
4. Nawab Salimullah Khan
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Nawab Abdul Latif Khan
Nawab Abdul Latif Khan– is known as the ‘father of Muslim renaissance’ in Bengal.
He has been compared to Raja Ram Mohan Roy as Nawab Abdul was considered as the greatest Muslim Reformer of his times.
He persuaded Muslim Community who were opposed to English education due to a combination of social, economic and religious reasons to understand the importance of English education and take part in politics.
He also founded Mohammadan Literary Society in April 1863.
He also proposed a new syllabus for the madrassah that included arithmetic, algebra, geometry, philosophy with moral philosophy.
Q.17 Name the author of the 2019 released book – ‘The Scent of God’.
1. Nayantara Sehgal
2. Githa Hariharan
3. Saikat Majumdar
4. Himanjali Sankar
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Saikat Majumdar Amit Shah
Saikat Majumdar is the author of the book – ‘The Scent of God’.
It is a fictional story of students studying in a boarding school run by a Hindu monastic order in late-twentieth-century in India.
Saikat Majumdar has written two other books – Silverfish and The Firebird. He has also written a self-help book – College: Pathways of Possibility
Books by Githa Hariharan – The Thousand Faces of Night, Battling for India: A Citizen’s Reader, I Have Become the Tide, Fugitive Histories, etc.
Books by Himanjali Sankar – The Lies we tell, Talking of Muskaan
Books by Nayantara Sehgal – Plans for Departure, Mistaken Identity, Lesser Breeds, etc.
Q.18 What is the name of the phenomena (driven by the scattering of light) in which mountain tops acquire a rosy or orange hue around sunrise and sunset?
1. Brillouin scattering
2. Circle of confusion
4. Barrel distortion
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Alpenglow
Alpenglow is the name of the phenomena (driven by the scattering of light) in which mountain tops acquire a rosy or orange hue around sunrise and sunset.
In simpler terms, it means “redirected light”.
Alpenglow can be caused by direct or indirect sunlight. It mainly occurs when red light waves in sunlight reflect off of mountains back to an observer.
The best time to observe this phenomenon in the summer months. During this time, the air is relatively still and clouds are minimal.
Brillouin scattering is the interaction of light with the material waves in a medium.
A circle of confusion is the measurement of a point of light that falls on the focal plane (camera sensor).
Barrel distortion occurs when straight lines bend outward from the center of the image.
Q.19 How many members did the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have as of January 2020?
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e 189
The International Monetary Fund was established in 1945 with the aim to ensure the stability of the international monetary system.
It is an organization of 189 countries (members) and accountable to the members.
The IMF ensures the stability of following ways-Tracking Global Economy, Lending to countries that have a balance of payment difficulties, providing practical help to members.
It also oversees the international monetary system and monitors the economic and financial policies of its member countries.
It also has Special Drawing Rights (SDR) which are an international reserve asset. It is helpful to supplement its member countries’ official reserves.
IMF HQ – Washington, D.C.
IMF Managing Director and Chairman of the Executive Board – Kristalina Georgieva
Q.20 The 3rd Khelo India Youth Games 2020 is hosted by which Indian state?
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Assam
The 3rd Khelo India Youth Games 2020 is hosted in Guwahati, Assam.
It was held from 10 January 2020 and 22 January 2020. The event witnessed the participation of over 10,000 students.
The event was organized by the Ministry for Youth Affairs and Sports in partnership with the School Games Federation of India, Indian Olympic Association and Assam State government.
Mascots – Vijay the Tiger and Jaya the Blackbuck.
Maharastra stood first with a total of 256 medals (78 gold, 77 silver, and 101 bronze).
Haryana stood second with the total of 200 medals (68 gold, 60 silver, and 72 bronze).
Delhi stood third with a total of 122 medals (39 gold, 36 silver, and 47 bronze).
Torchbearer of opening ceremony – Sprinter Hima Das
Q.21 From which of the following states does 2019 Padma Vibhushan winner, Teejan Bai hail?
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Chhattisgarh
2019 Padma Vibhushan winner, Teejan Bai hails from Chhattisgarh.
She is a folk singer. She enacts tales from the Mahabharata performing a traditional art form Pandavani.
Besides Padma Vibhushan, she had also been awarded the Padma Shri in 1987 and Padma Bhushan in 2003.
She is a very respectable and known figure in Sangeet Natak Akademi.
Q.22 Which of these is the energy conversion that happens in the process called photosynthesis?
1. Potential energy to chemical energy
2. Light energy to chemical energy
3. Heat energy to chemical energy
4. Heat energy to light energy
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Light energy to chemical energy
Light energy to chemical energy: It is the energy conversion that happens in the process called photosynthesis.
Photosynthesis is a phenomenon used by plants, algae and certain bacteria.
There are two kinds of photosynthetic processes: Oxygenic photosynthesis and Anoxygenic photosynthesis.
Light energy transfers electrons from water to carbon dioxide in order to produce carbohydrates during oxygenic photosynthesis. It functions as a counterbalance to respiration because it takes in the carbon dioxide which is produced by all breathing organisms and it reintroduces oxygen to the atmosphere.
A slight difference in anoxygenic photosynthesis is that it uses electron donors other than water. It more commonly occurs in purple bacteria and green sulfur bacteria. It does not produce oxygen.
Q.23 Who was the then Governor-General of British India, when ‘Sati Pratha’ became illegal and punishable?
1. Lord Cornwallis
2. Lord Wellesley
3. Lord William Bentinck
4. Warren Hastings
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Lord William Bentinck
Lord William Bentinck was the then Governor-General of British India, when ‘Sati Pratha’ became illegal and punishable.
Sati was a practice predominant in some regions of South Asia in which a widow was burnt alive (either forcefully or voluntarily)with her deceased husband’s funeral pyre.
On December 4, 1829, Governor-General Lord William Bentinck passed the Bengal Sati Regulation which made this horrifying practice illegal in all jurisdictions of India and subject to prosecution.
Lord William Bentinck served as Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835. He was also the first Governor-General of India.
Lord Warren Hastings was the then first Governor-General of Bengal.
Q.24 Which of the following is an Indian Research Station in the Antarctica Region?
3. Hope Bay
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e. Maitri
Maitri is an Indian Research Station in the Antarctica Region.
This station has been in operation in Antarctica Region since 1989.
Bharati station has also been established in 2013.
Several research and investigations are undertaken to understand the Polar processes and phenomenon at both the stations.
Himadri is an Indian Arctic station.
Orcadas is an Argentina based scientific station in Antarctica.
Mawson station is Australia’s first continental station and the longest continuously operating station south of the Antarctic Circle.
Hope Bay is the name of the bay in Antarctica.
Q.25 Who is the author of the delightful and anecdotal history of Indian cricket titled – ‘A Corner of a Foreign Field: The Indian History of a British Sport’?
1. Sanjay Singh
2. Ramachandra Guha
3. Bipin Chandra
4. Romila Thapar
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Ramachandra Guha
Ramachandra Guha is the author of the delightful and anecdotal history of Indian cricket titled – ‘A Corner of a Foreign Field: The Indian History of a British Sport ‘.
In this book, he included how cricket, a foreign sport, has inculcated itself in every street and corner of our country.
He shares biography and history of the sport with several funny anecdotes.
There are also snippets of many cricketers’ life and their interviews.
Guha has a special research interest in cricket, polity, environment, etc.
Other books by him – Gandhi before India, India after Gandhi, Savaging the civilized, etc.
Books by Romila Thapar – Somanatha, Ancient Indian social history, The Past before us, etc.
Books by Bipin Chandra – India’s struggle for Independence, India since Independence, India after Independence, etc.