SSC CGL 2019 EXAM PAPER : Held on 05-March-2020 Shift-1 (English Comprehension)

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SSC CGL 2019 EXAM PAPER : Held on 05-March-2020 Shift-1 (English Comprehension)

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Q.1 In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.
Modern man is completely engross in the mad pursuit of material pleasures and luxuries.
1. mad pursuit of
2. material pleasures and luxuries
3. Modern man is
4. completely engross
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. completely engross
  • The incorrect segment here is the form ‘completely engross’.
  •  We need to use an adjective with the adverb ‘completely‘ as it describes a state of being absorbed and past participle of a verb acts as an adjective.
  •  E.g. A broken heart; broken acts as an adjective here.

Thus, the rectified sentence is: Modern man is completely engrossed in the mad pursuit of material pleasures and luxuries.
Q.2 Select the correct passive form of the given sentence.
They offered me a chair
1. I offered a chair to them.
2. A chair was being offered to me.
3. A chair is offered to me by them.
4. I was offered a chair by them.
The correct answer is option 4 i.e I was offered a chair by them.
While changing an active sentence to passive voice, the subject and object switch places. The verb turns to past participle form + appropriate form of ‘to be‘, if necessary.
According to this rule, ‘they‘ and ‘me‘ change places and become ‘by them‘ and ‘I‘.
The verb is simple past tense ‘offered‘, which becomes ‘was offered‘.
So, the passive form would be: I was offered a chair by them.
Q.3 Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.
A bed of roses
1. A pleasant perfume
2. An easy and happy situation
3. A difficult path
4. A valley full of flowers
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. An easy and happy situation
A bed of roses refers to a rosy or very favourable situation, in which least amount of efforts or trouble is involved.
e.g. For the young prince, life had been a bed of roses.
Q.4 Select the correct indirect form of the given sentence.
“What a good idea!”, Seema remarked.
1. Seema exclaimed that the idea is good.
2. Seema exclaimed that it was a very good idea.
3. Seema said what a good idea it is.
4. Seema told what an idea!
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Seema exclaimed that it was a very good idea.
  •  While converting a direct sentence to indirect; whenever there is an exclamation mark, the main verb becomes ‘exclaimed‘.
  •  The pronoun ‘what‘ becomes ‘it‘, from the indirect, third person reference.

So, the indirect form is: Seema exclaimed that it was a very good idea.
Q.5 Select the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.
I like both tea and coffee but prefer the ______.
1. last
2. later
3. latter
4. least
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. latter
The sentence suggests that the blank must contain a word that refers to the second noun.
Let’s look at the meanings of the options:
later– at a time in the near future; soon or afterwards.
latter– denoting the second or second mentioned of two people or things.
least– smallest in amount, extent, or significance.
last– coming after all others in time or order; final.
In sentences where two things are mentioned, the first is referred to by the adjective ‘former‘; while the second thing is referred to by the adjective ‘latter’.
Q.6 Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom
A close-fisted person
1. A cruel person
2. A kind person
3. A strong person
4. A miserly person
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. A miserly person
A close-fisted person is someone whose fists, which means money or resources, are kept tightly under guard. So, it means someone who doesn’t give money easily.
Out of the given options, only miserly, meaning a person who hoards wealth and spends as little money as possible, is appropriate here.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
A (1)______ of trucks carrying soldiers was coming down the mountain road. The trucks (2)
______ slowly as there had been heavy snowfall in that area . Suddenly, with a (3) ______ a huge
tree on the hill side fell bringing along with it boulders and mud. (4) ______, the driver of first
truck stopped in time. The soldiers got down and started (5) ______ the road.
SubQuestion No : 7
Q.7 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 1
1. bevy
2. crew
3. convoy
4. flock
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. convoy
The sentence suggests that the blank should contain a noun that means several, or a group of trucks.
Meanings of the given words:
bevy- a large group of people or things of a particular kind.
flock– a number of birds of one kind feeding, resting, or travelling together.
convoy- a group of ships or vehicles travelling together, typically one accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection.
crew– a group of people who work on and operate a ship, aircraft, etc.
Out of the given meanings, only convoy is appropriate in this context.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
A (1)______ of trucks carrying soldiers was coming down the mountain road. The trucks (2)
______ slowly as there had been heavy snowfall in that area . Suddenly, with a (3) ______ a huge
tree on the hill side fell bringing along with it boulders and mud. (4) ______, the driver of first
truck stopped in time. The soldiers got down and started (5) ______ the road.
SubQuestion No : 8
Q.8 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 2
1. are moving
2. were moving
3. was moving
4. has moved
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. were moving
The sentence uses the past perfect tense form ‘had been’. This indicates that the blank must contain a verb that reflects past tense. 
Given the context, only were moving is appropriate here for the plural noun ‘trucks’.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
A (1)______ of trucks carrying soldiers was coming down the mountain road. The trucks (2)
______ slowly as there had been heavy snowfall in that area . Suddenly, with a (3) ______ a huge
tree on the hill side fell bringing along with it boulders and mud. (4) ______, the driver of first
truck stopped in time. The soldiers got down and started (5) ______ the road.
SubQuestion No : 9
Q.9 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 3
1. crash
2. buzz
3. scream
4. splash
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. crash
The sentence suggests that the blank must contain a noun that signifies a loud noise.
All of the given words can signify this; but only ‘crash‘ is appropriate for ‘a tree’.
‘Splash’ is used for liquid, ‘scream’ for people, while ‘buzz’ is the loud noise made by machines.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
A (1)______ of trucks carrying soldiers was coming down the mountain road. The trucks (2)
______ slowly as there had been heavy snowfall in that area . Suddenly, with a (3) ______ a huge
tree on the hill side fell bringing along with it boulders and mud. (4) ______, the driver of first
truck stopped in time. The soldiers got down and started (5) ______ the road.
SubQuestion No : 10
Q.10 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 4
1. Logically
2. Magically
3. Fortunately
4. Similarly
The correct answer is option 3  i.e. Fortunately
The sentence talks about the truck stopping, which is a positive thing.
Given this context, the only word from the options that is appropriate here is ‘Fortunately‘, which means ‘luckily’.
Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the
alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.
A (1)______ of trucks carrying soldiers was coming down the mountain road. The trucks (2)
______ slowly as there had been heavy snowfall in that area . Suddenly, with a (3) ______ a huge
tree on the hill side fell bringing along with it boulders and mud. (4) ______, the driver of first
truck stopped in time. The soldiers got down and started (5) ______ the road.
SubQuestion No : 11
Q.11 Select the most appropriate option for blank no. 5
1. altering
2. clearing
3. moving
4. changing
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. clearing
The paragraph talks about tree, boulders and mud falling.
In this context, the most appropriate word here becomes ‘clearing‘ the fallen tree, mud and boulders from the road.
Q.12 Select one word for the following group of words.
One who loves his country
1. Traitor
2. Conspirator
3. Patriot
4. Collaborator
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. Patriot
  • Meanings of the given options:
    • Collaborator- a person who works jointly on an activity or project; an associate.
    • Traitor– a person who betrays someone or something, such as a friend, cause, or principle.
    • Conspirator– a person who takes part in a secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful.
    • Patriot–  a person who vigorously supports their country and is prepared to defend it against enemies or detractors.
  • Out of these, only Patriot can give the intended meaning.
Q.13 Select synonym of the given word.
RETAIN
1. Convey
2. Maintain
3. Destroy
4. Gain
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Maintain
Retain means continue to have (something); keep possession of.
Meanings of the given words:
Gain– obtain or secure (something wanted or desirable).
Convey– transport or carry to a place.
Destroy- end the existence of (something) by damaging or attacking it.
Maintain– cause or enable (a condition or situation) to continue.
Out of these, only Maintain reflects the same meaning as Retain.
Q.14 Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given options pick the one that gives their correct order.
A. Aesop was one of them who lived in Greece about 2500 years ago.
B. He told many interesting stories to the people.
C. There were many talented people in ancient Greece.
D. Although he was ugly, he had a very clever brain.
1. CDBA
2. BDAC
3. BADC
4. CADB
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. CADB
While finding the correct order, it is easier to find a first few sentences and then eliminate the options.
The first sentence of the order must be of independent meaning. Here, only C is an independent sentence.
So, C must be the first sentence.
The second sentence is related to first. Here, sentence A uses the pronoun ‘them‘, which refers to the noun ‘talented people‘ in C.
So, A must be the second sentence.
Out of the given options, only CADB reflects this order.
Q.15 Select the most appropriate segment to substitute the underlined segment of the given sentence. If no substitution is required, select ‘No substitution’.
Hardly had he sit on the chair than it broke.
1. No substitution
2. sat onto a chair then
3. sit in the chair when
4. sat on the chair when
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. sat on the chair when 
  • The sentence uses the incorrect form of the verb, viz, ‘sit’ and the incorrect conjunction ‘than‘.
  •  The correct conjunction phrase is ‘hardly had..when‘. It is used to show two events happening one after another.
  •  Since the sentence uses the form Hardly had, it requires the past participle form of the verb ‘to sit‘, which is ‘sat‘.
 
Thus, the rectified sentence is: Hardly had he sat on the chair when it broke.
Q.16 Select the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.
He tried to ______ my ring.
1. steal
2. still
3. stile
4. steel
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. steal
  • The sentence suggests that the blank must contain a verb that makes the sentence meaningful.
 
Out of the given options, only ‘steal’ is appropriate here, which means take (another person’s property) without permission.
Q.17 Select the most appropriate word to substitute the underlined word of the given sentence. If no substitution is required, select ‘No improvement’.
The diver dive in the pool from a great height.
1. dived into the pool
2. dived at the pool
3. dives to a pool
4. No improvement
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. dived into the pool
The sentence uses the incorrect verb form ‘dive‘ and the incorrect preposition ‘in‘.
Since the sentence is referring to an action by a third person subject, the appropriate form of the verb ‘to dive‘ here should be either simple present tense form ‘dives‘ or simple past tense form ‘dived.
Also, as the action is about ‘diving inside the pool’the appropriate preposition is ‘into‘ and not the general ‘in’. 
Thus, the rectified sentence is: The diver dives/dived into the pool from a great height.
Q.18 Select antonym of the given word.
DEXTERITY
1. Mastery
2. Skill
3. Ignorance
4. Agility
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. Ignorance
  • Let’s look at the meaning of the given word and the marked option-
    • Dexterity: Skill in performing tasks, especially with the hands
      Example: Reid’s dexterity on the guitar.
    • Ignorance means a lack of knowledge or information
      Example: I am embarrassed by my complete ignorance of history.
    • Hence, from the above meanings, we find that both words are opposite in meaning.
       
  • Now let’s look at the meaning of other given options-
    • Agility: ability to move quickly and easily
    • Mastery: comprehensive knowledge or skill in a particular subject or activity
    • Skill: the ability to do something well; expertise
Q.19 Select the wrongly spelt word.
1. Chouffer
2. Champion
3. Charisma
4. Choir
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. Chouffer
  • The correct spelling here should be Chauffeurwhich means a person employed to drive a private or hired car.
    Meanings of other correctly spelt words:
    Choir– an organized group of singers, especially one that takes part in church services or performs in public.
    Champion- a person who has surpassed all rivals in a sporting contest or other competition.
    Charisma–  compelling attractiveness or charm that can inspire devotion in others.
Q.20 Select the word which means the same as the group of words given.
Incapable of paying debts
1. Extravagant
2. Obsolete
3. Corrupt
4. Insolvent
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Insolvent
  • Meanings of the given words:
    • Extravagant– lacking restraint in spending money or using resources.
    • Obsolete– no longer produced or used; out of date.
    • Insolvent– unable to pay debts owed.
    • Corrupt– having or showing a willingness to act dishonestly in return for money or personal gain.
  • Out of these, only Insolvent reflects the intended meaning.
  •  
Q.21 Select antonym of the given word.
DIVIDE
1. Unite
2. Break
3. Split
4. Engulf
The correct answer is option 1 i.e. Unite
The meaning of Divide is to separate or be separated into parts.
So, its antonym must mean something that brings together.
Meanings of the given words:
Engulf– powerfully affect (someone); overwhelm.
Split– break or cause to break forcibly into parts.
Unite– come or bring together for a common purpose or action.
Break– separate into pieces as a result of a blow, shock, or strain. 
Out of these, only Unite can give the intended meaning.
Q.22 In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.
My brother, who live in Delhi, has written me a letter.
1. My brother
2. me a letter
3. has written
4. who live in Delhi
The correct answer is option 4 i.e. who live in Delhi
The sentence uses the incorrect segment who live in Delhi.
As the sentence uses the present perfect verb ‘has‘; and is referring to a third person subject ‘My brother‘; the correct main verb here must be the simple present tense form ‘lives‘.
Thus, the rectified sentence is: My brother, who lives in Delhi, has written me a letter.
Q.23 Select synonym of the given word.
EXPENSIVE
1. Gentle
2. Dear
3. Mild
4. Sober
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. Dear
The meaning of Expensive is costing a lot of money.
Meanings of the given words:
Mild– not severe, serious, or harsh.
Sober– serious, sensible, and solemn.
Dear– expensive.
Gentle- moderate in action, effect, or degree; not strong or violent.
The only word that reflects the same meaning as Expensive is Dear.
Q.24 Select the wrongly spelt word.
1. Cremator
2. Cracker
3. Creater
4. Cricketer
The correct answer is option 3 i.e. Creater
The correct spelling here should be Creator. It means a person or thing that brings something into existence.
The meanings of other correctly spelled words:
Cremator- A person who disposes of (a dead person’s body) by burning it to ashes, typically after a funeral ceremony.
Cricketer– A person who plays the game of Cricket.
Cracker- a person or thing that cracks.
Q.25 Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given options pick the one that gives their correct order.
A. He is a gifted volleyball player.
B. But now a days he does not play international matches.
C. It is because he had an accident last year.
D. Sanjay is my best friend.
1. CDBA
2. DABC
3. ABCD
4. DCAB
The correct answer is option 2 i.e. DABC
While finding the correct order, it is easier to find the first few sentences and then eliminate the options.
The first sentence should be of independent meaning and should introduce the topic. Here, only D is an independent sentence.
So, D must be the first sentence. 
The second sentence is related to the first. Sentence A begins with the pronoun ‘He‘, which is used to refer to the subject from the first sentence, ‘Sanjay‘.
So, A must be the second sentence.
Out of the given options, only option4, viz, DABC reflects this sequence.

Download Complete SSC CGL 2019 Paper Held on 03 March 2020 Shift 2 paper here Click Download below.

Manish Aggarwal
Founder of edumo, Educator, BCA Graduate, Educational Content Writer
http://edumo.in

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