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Q.1 The Indus Waters Treaty was signed between India and Pakistan on ______.
1. 18 October 1969
2. 12 November 1959
3. 19 September 1960
4. 16 December 1963
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e 19 September 1960
On 19 September 1960, the Indus Waters Treaty was signed between India and Pakistan.
This treaty between Indian and Pakistan was brokered by the World Bank.
At the time of agreement Indian side was represented by Jawaharlal Nehru who was Prime Minister of India and Pakistan’s representative was Mohammad Ayub Khan- President of Pakistan.
As per the treaty Pakistan was given control of three western rivers—the Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab
India was given control of three eastern rivers—the Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej
Q.2 The Gadar (or Ghadar) Party was formed in the year ______.
The Correct Answer is Option 2. 1913
The Indians living in America and Canada established the Gadar (Ghadar) organization. It was established in the year 1913.
The word ‘Gadar’ means ‘revolt’. ‘Gadar’ was the journal of this organization that acted as its mouthpiece. Through this journal, the effects of British rule in India were pointed out.
Headquarters of Gadhar party was in San Francisco, United States.
The primary objective of the Ghadar movement was to organize assassinations of British officials and publish revolutionary literature abroad.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Lala Hardayal, Bhai Parmanand, Dr Pandurang Sadashiv Khankhoje
Hindustan Republican Association
Ramprasad Bismil, Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee and Sachin Sanyal
Q.3 ______ is also known as the ‘Golden City’.
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer is also known as the ‘Golden City‘.
Jaisalmer is the largest district of Rajasthan which is spread over 38,401 sq. km. It shares the 471 km long international border with Pakistan.
Detailed information about other cities is in the following table:
Bundi was earlier called as “Bunda-Ka-Nal”.
Founded in the 13th century by Dungariya bheel king
Founded in the year 1156 AD by Maharawal Jaisal
Founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha
Q.4 The excavated remains of ______ found near Patna in Bihar was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2016.
1. Ellora Caves
2. Ashoka Pillar
3. Nalanda Mahavihara
4. Sanchi Stupa
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Nalanda Mahavihara
The excavated remains of Nalanda Mahavihara found near Patna in Bihar was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2016.
World Heritage Sites in Bihar: Bodhgaya’s Mahabodhi temple and Nalanda University ruins
This ruin dates back to the period from the 3rd century BC to the 13th century AD.
Kumargupta I of the Gupta dynasty founded Nalanda Mahavihara in 5th century CE.
India has a total of 38 UNESCO world heritage sites which include 30 cultural sites,7 natural sites, and 1 mixed site. (till April 2020)
Maximum world heritage sites are located in China and Italy (55).
About the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):
Director-General, UNESCO: Audrey Azoulay
Headquarters of UNESCO: Paris, France
The motto of UNESCO: “Building peace in the minds of men and women”
Q.5 Depreciation is an annual allowance for the wear and tear of ______.
2. work in progress
3. capital goods
4. finished goods
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e capital goods
Depreciation is an annual allowance for wear and tear of a capital good. In other words, it is the cost of the good divided by a number of years of its useful life.
While calculating depreciation unexpected or sudden destruction or disuse of capital as can happen with accidents, natural calamities or other such extraneous circumstances are not taken into account.
As an accounting term, depreciation is an expired cost or expense, charged against the revenue of a given accounting period.
It is the diminution in the intrinsic value of the asset due to use and/or lapse of time.
Q.6 ______ are homogeneous mixtures of two or more components.
The Correct Answer is Option 1. i.e. Solutions
Solutions: A homogeneous mixture of two or more components.
Solvent: Component of a solution, which is present in the largest proportion.
Solutes: The other components which are in less proportion than the solvent
Dissolution: The process of forming a solution by mixing solutes in a solvent.
Types of Solution
Solid in liquid
Seawater, Blue vitriol dissolved in water
Liquid in liquid
Vinegar, Dilute Sulphuric Acid
Gas in gas
Solid in solid
Brass and stainless steel
Gas in liquid
Chlorinated Water And Hydrochloric
Meaning of terms in options:
Both dispersed phase and dispersion medium are liquids in such colloidal systems.
Type of biocatalysts that speed up the reactions in biosystems.
An alloy of mercury with metals
Q.7 The aggregate value of goods and services produced in an economy can be calculated by three methods: income method, expenditure method and ______ method.
3. product / value added
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e product / value added
The aggregate value of goods and services produced in an economy can be calculated by three methods: income method, expenditure method and product / value-added method.
National income or Gross Domestic Product (GDP) refers to the money value of all final goods and services produced in an economy in an accounting year.
The Central Statistics Office (CSO) (Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation) publishes GDP/GVA figures.
Additional information about the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI):
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI)
Established as an Independent Ministry on 15.10.1999
Statistics Wing –
National Statistical Office(NSO)
Programme Implementation Wing
Q.8 The ______ in China is the world’s longest man-made waterway.
1. Grand Canal
2. Kiel Canal
3. Corinth Canal
4. Suzhou Canal
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Grand Canal
The Grand Canal in China is the world’s longest man-made waterway.
The Grand Canal starts in Beijing and ends at the city of Hangzhou in Zhejiang province. It connects the Yellow River with the Yangtze River.
It is one of the world’s largest and most comprehensive civil engineering projects prior to the Industrial Revolution.
The length of the Grand Canal is around 1800 km which makes it the world’s longest manmade waterway.
It is declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Q.9 Alai-Darwaza, the southern gateway of the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi, was constructed by ______.
1. Mu’izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori
2. Muhammad bin Tughluq
3. Ala-ud-din Khilji
4. Ahmad Shāh Durrani
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Ala-ud-din Khilji
Ala-ud-din Khilji constructed Alai-Darwaza, the southern gateway of the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi.
Name of ruler
Ahmad Shāh Durrani
Muhammad bin Tughluq
Q.10 India won its ______ successive title at the South Asian Football Federation Women’s Championship in March 2019.
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e fifth
In March 2019 India won its Fifth successive title at the South Asian Football Federation Women’s Championship.
India defeated host Nepal in the final by 3-1.
By scoring 4 goals each India’s Indumathi Kathiresan and Sabitra Tamang of Nepal topped tally of maximum goals in the tournament.
The venue of tourlament was Sahid Rangashala stadium in Biratnagar, Nepal.
Participant teams: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives.
Indian women’s football team captain: Loitongbam Ashalata Devi.
Coach of Indian women’s football team: Maymol Rocky
Q.11 ______ renounced his knighthood in protest for Jalianwalla Bagh mass killing.
1. Surendranath Banerjee
2. Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy
3. Rabindranath Tagore
4. Shivajirao Holkar
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood in protest for Jalianwalla Bagh mass killing.
Rabindranath Tagore was awarded a knighthood in 1915 but in 1919 he repudiated it.
Jalianwalla Bagh massacre took place on 13th April 1919 in Punjab province of British India.
Brigadier-General Dyer directed British Indian Army troops to open fire on unarmed Indian civilians gathered for the Baisakhi festival in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar.
Q.12 Name the first Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
1. Satya Pal Malik
2. Arif Mohammad Khan
3. Girish Chandra Murmu
4. Bhagat Singh Koshyari
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Girish Chandra Murmu
Girish Chandra Murmu is the first Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
He is an Indian Administrative Service officer of 1985-batch from the Gujarat cadre.
Key positions held by G.C. Murmu:1.Principal Secretary to Narendra Modi during his tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat. 2. Expenditure Secretary in the Ministry of Finance.
According to Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 the state of Jammu and Kashmir was bifurcated into two union territories i.e. – Jammu and Kashmir with a legislature and Ladakh without legislature.
Name of Lt./Governer
Name of State (April 2020)
Bhagat Singh Koshyari
Girish Chandra Murmu
Jammu and Kashmir
Satya Pal Malik
Arif Mohammad Khan
Q.13 ‘Dharmaraja (Yudhishthir) Ratha’, ‘Bhima Ratha’, ‘Arjuna Ratha’ and ‘Nakula Sahadeva Ratha’ are four of the Panch Rathas at Mahabalipuram. What is the name of the fifth
1. Karna Ratha
2. Krishna Ratha
3. Draupadi Ratha
4. Bhishma Ratha
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e Draupadi Ratha
Panch Rathas at Mahabalipuram (also known as Mamallapuram) from north to south are in following order—1. Draupadi Ratha 2.Arjuna Ratha 3.Nakula-Sahadeva Ratha 4.Bhima Ratha 5.Dharmarja Ratha.
These Panch Rathas located in Mahabalipuram dates back to the 7th century during the Pallava Dynasty. In ancient times Mahabalipuram was an important coastal town.
There are three large sculptures of Lion, Elephant and Nandi Bull at Mahabalipuram.
The shore temple at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu was built during the reign of Narasimhavarman II.
In October 2019 there was a 2nd informal meeting between Indian Prime Minister-Narendra Modi and President of China- Xi Jinping at Mamallapuram. The first meeting was held in Wuhan, China, in April 2018.
Q.14 Which of the following is NOT located in Odisha?
1. Sambalpur Elephant Reserve
2. Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve
3. Mahanadi Elephant Reserve
4. Sonitpur Elephant Reserve
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Sonitpur Elephant Reserve
Sonitpur Elephant Reserve is located in the state of Assam.
Other Elephant reserve located in Assam: Dihing-Patkai ,Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong ,Dhansiri-Lungding,Chirang-Ripu
In the year 1992, the Government of India launched the Project Elephant as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
India has 27,312 elephants according to the 2017 All India Elephant Population Estimation. Karnataka has the highest (6049 elephants) population.
The Government of Odisha has notified three elephant reserves. Information about it is given in the following table:
Name of Elephant Reserve
Districts of Odisha in which Elephant Reserve is spread
Mahanadi Elephant Reserve
Angul, Cuttack, Nayagarh, Kandhamal, Dhenkanal
Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve
Portions of Mayurbhanj, Balasore, Bhadrak, and Keonjhar
Sambalpur Elephant Reserve
Sambalpur, Sundargarh, Jharsuguda
Q.15 The ‘Hyderabad Fund’ had been held by the ______ in the account of the High Commissioner of Pakistan to the UK, Habib Ibrahim Rahimtoola.
1. Bank of England
2. Kingdom Bank
3. Butterfield Private Bank
4. National Westminster Bank
The correct answer is option 4 i.e National Westminster Bank
The ‘Hyderabad Fund’ had been held by the National Westminster Bank (Commonly known as NatWest Bank) in the account of the High Commissioner of Pakistan to the UK, Habib Ibrahim Rahimtoola.
In 2019 UK High Court ruled in favour of India which resolved a decades-old legal dispute with Pakistan over funds belonging to the Nizam of Hyderabad at the time of Partition in 1947.
This fund over around GBP 35 million was deposited in a London bank account.
This legal battle was initiated by Prince Mukarram Jah – the titular 8th Nizam of Hyderabad – and his younger brother Muffakham Jah with support from the Indian government.
Q.16 Pernicious anaemia is caused by the deficiency of vitamin ______.
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e B12
Deficiency of Vitamin B12 causes Pernicious anaemia.
Additional details about other vitamins are given in the following table:
Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, Pyridoxamine
Dandruff-like eruptions, Pink eye, Epilepsy
Fish, Beef Liver, Potatoes
Macrocytic Anaemia, Pernicious Anaemia
Seafood, Beef, Chicken
Beef Liver, Lamb, Milk, Mushroom
Brewer’s Yeast, Oatmeal, Legumes
Niacin or Nicotinic Acid
Chicken Liver, Sunflower Seeds, Salmon, Avocados
Growth & Neurological Disorders in Infants
Raw Egg Yolk, Yeast, Whole-wheat Bread
Macrocytic Anaemia, Birth Defects
Dark Leafy Greens like Spinach, Broccoli
Q.17 Which of the following is NOT an ore of iron?
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Cuprite
Cuprite (Cu2O) is an ore of Copper.
Hematite, magnetite, and siderite are main ores of Iron.
Ores is an accumulation of any mineral mixed with other elements.
If the mineral content in the ore is in the adequate form then ores can be commercially viable for extraction.
Important Ores of Some Metals:
Name of ore
Q.18 The Indian Army is set to commission the first batch of women soldiers by year ______.
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e 2021
The Indian Army is set to commission the first batch of women soldiers by the year 2021.
Women were given a permanent commission in only two streams prior to this announcement- Judge Advocate General and Army Education Corps.
Other streams of Indian Army: 1.Signals 2.Army Aviation 3.Army Air Defence 4.Electronics and Mechanical Engineers 5.Army Service Corps 6.Army Ordnance Corps 7.Intelligence 8.Engineers
The first batch of 100 women soldiers will be inducted in the army’s Corps of Military Police (CMP) by the end of 2021.
Commander-in-Chief of Indian Army: President Ram Nath Kovind
Chief of the Army Staff (COAS): General Manoj Mukund Naravane
First Chief of Defence Staff: General Bipin Rawat
Q.19 The National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was formed by insertion of Article ______ in the Constitution of India.
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e 338B
National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was established in 1993 as a statutory body.
The 102nd Amendment Act of 2018 inserted Article 338-B and gave constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).
The primary objective of the commission is to provide the constitutional and other legal safeguards of the socially and educationally backward classes. Recommending various welfare measures for the overall development of backward classes to state and central government.
Policy matters affecting the socially and educationally backward classes are required to be consulted by central and state governments with NCBC.
NCBC has all the powers of a civil court while investigating any matter or inquiring about any complaint.
Chairperson of National Commission for Backward Classes
Name of Chairman
Justice R.N. Prasad
1993 – 1996
Justice Shyam Sunder
1997 – 2000
Justice V. Eswaraiah
2013 – 2016
Dr. Bhagwan Lal Sahni
2016 – till date
Q.20 The headquarters of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) are located in______.
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Mumbai
The headquarters of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is located at Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai.
Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) was formed in December 1928 as ‘Provisional’ Board of Control‘.
Important domestic cricket tournaments: Ranji Trophy, Duleep Trophy, Deodhar Trophy, Vijay Hazare Trophy, Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy, Irani Cup, etc.
Current official Indian cricket team sponsor: BYJU
Secretary, BCCI: Jay Shah
Presidents, BCCI: Sourav Ganguly
Captain of Indian Men’s team: Virat Kohli
Coach of Indian Men’s team: Ravi Shastri
Captain of Indian Women’s team: Mithali Raj
Coach of Indian Women’s team: Woorkeri Raman
About International Cricket Council:
Dubai Sports City, United Arab Emirates
Independent Female Director
Q.21 The total number of images formed by two mirrors inclined at 120° to each other is ______.
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e 2
If the image of an object is viewed in two plane mirrors that are inclined to each other, more than one image is formed.
The number of images depends on the angle between the two mirrors.
Q.22 The Padma Awards are announced around ______ every year.
1. Independence Day
2. Republic Day
3. Hindi Diwas
4. Sadbhavana Diwas
The Correct Answer is Option 2 i.e Republic Day
The Padma Awards are announced annually on the eve of Republic Day. This is one of the highest civilian honours of India.
Padma Awards were started in the year 1954.
The highest civilian award of India is Bharat Ratna which is awarded to a maximum of 3 awardees in a particular year.
Information about Padma Awards:
Total Number of Awardees in 2020
For exceptional and distinguished service
George Fernandes, Arun Jaitley, Anerood Jugnauth GCSK, etc.
For distinguished service of a high order
M. Mumtaz Ali, Muzaffar Hussain Baig, Anil Prakash Joshi, etc.
For distinguished service
Gloria Arieiram, Sarita Joshi, Dr. Raman Gangakhedkar, Ekta Kapoor, etc
Additional information about days given in option:
Q.23 Which of the following can be used as a catalyst in Hydrogenation reaction?
The Correct Answer is Option 4 i.e Palladium
For hydrogenation reaction, it is necessary to use catalysts like palladium, platinum or nickel.
The molecules of vegetable oil contain long and unsaturated carbon chains. Hydrogenation transforms them into saturated chains and thereby vanaspati ghee is formed.
Hydrogen has three isotopes: protium, deuterium, and tritium.
Hydrogen is the lightest atom and it is the most abundant element in the universe.
Q.24 Name the first female amputee to climb Mount Everest.
1. Poorna Malavath
2. Premlata Agarwal
3. Arunima Sinha
4. Anshu Jamsenpa
The Correct Answer is Option 3 i.e. Arunima Sinha
In 2013 Arunima Sinha became the world’s first female amputee to climb Mount Everest.
Arunima Sinha is a mountaineer and former national level volleyball player.
In 2015 Arunima was conferred the Padma Shri and Tenzing Norgay National Adventure award.
Arunima has scaled following mountain peaks:
Mount Kilimanjaro in Africa
Elbrus in Europe
Kosciuszko in Australia
Aconcagua in Argentina
Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya) in Indonesia.
First Indian woman to climb Mount Everest: Bachendri Pal.
Malavath Poorna is the first and youngest tribal woman in the world to set foot on the six tallest mountain peaks across six continents.
Q.25 Part VIII of the Constitution of India deals with ______.
1. Union Territories
The Correct Answer is Option 1 i.e Union Territories
Union Territories are covered under Part VIII of the Constitution of India.
In Part VIII of the Constitution of India Articles 239 to 241 deals with the Union Territories.
List of Union Territories: 1. Andaman and Nicobar 2. Chandigarh 3. Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli 4. Delhi 5. Jammu and Kashmir 6. Ladakh 7. Lakshadweep 8. Puducherry
Recently parliament has amended Article 240(1) of the Constitution to merge 2 UTs into one which will be called UT of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
In August 2019 parliament passed the bill – Jammu and Kashmir (Reorganisation) Bill, 2019 which has removed Jammu and Kashmir’s status of a state and converted it into 2 UTs – Jammu and Kashmir with a legislature and Ladakh without legislature.
239 to 242
243 to 243–0
243-P to 243-ZG
152 to 237