SSC CGL 2019 EXAM PAPER : Held on 03-March-2020 Shift-1 (General Awareness)
Q.1 Which of these institutions fixes the Repo Rate and the Reverse Repo Rate in India?
1. Ministry of Finance
2. State Bank of India
3. Reserve Bank of India
4. Comptroller and Auditor General of India
The correct answer is option 3: Reserve Bank of India
- Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is responsible for fixing Repo or Reverse Repo Rate.
- RBI regulates these rates as a part of its monetary policy.
- Monetary policy refers to the steps undertaken by the central bank to control the liquidity and supply of money in the market.
- Repo Rate: It is an Acronym for the Repurchasing Agreement Rate. It is the rate at which RBI lends money to other banks in the country for the short term.
- Reverse Repo Rate: When banks deposit their surplus funds with RBI for a short term, the rate then offered by RBI is called Reverse Repo Rate.
Reserve Bank of India (RBI):
- It was established on April 1, 1935, under the RBI Act 1934, but as a private bank.
- RBI was nationalized in 1949.
- It is the apex banking institute of India
Q.2 Which of the following books is NOT written by Salman Rushdie?
2. Midnight’s Children
3. An Area of Darkness
4. The Satanic Verses
The correct answer is option 2: ‘An Area of Darkness‘ is written by VS Naipaul.
|An Area of Darkness||
|The Satanic Verses||
Q.3 As of February 2020, who is the President of Sri Lanka?
1. Chandrika Kumaratunga
2. Gotabaya Rajapaksa
3. D.M. Jayaratne
4. Maithripala Sirisena
Correct Answer : Gotabaya Rajapaksa
The correct answer is Option 2 : Gotabaya Rajapaksa (President of Sri Lanka)
- Gotabaya Rajapaksa is the 7th President of Srilanka.
- He assumed the office on November 18, 2019.
- Former Defence Chief of Sri Lanka Gotabaya Rajapaksa contested elections as a candidate of the Sinhalese Buddhist Nationalist Party.
- He succeeded Maithiripala Srisena as President.
- It is an island country located in the Indian Ocean.
- Prime Minister: Mahinda Rajapaksa.
- Capital: Shri Jayawardenepura Kotte.
- Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee.
- Major Religion: Buddhism.
- Highest Peak: Mount Pedro.
Q.4 Name the author who won the Sahitya Akademi Award 2019 for his book – An Era of Darkness: The British Empire in India.
1. Vikram Seth
2. Romila Thapar
3. Shashi Tharoor
4. Ramchandra Guha
The correct answer is option 3: Shashi Tharoor
- 2019 Sahitya Akademi Award was accorded to ‘An Era of Darkness: The British Empire in India’ authored by Shashi Tharoor.
- This book was also published in the UK by the name of ‘Inglorious Empire: What British did to India’.
- He is a Member of Parliament from the Indian National Congress and represents Thiruvananthpuram constituency.
- Other bestsellers:
- Why I am a Hindu.
- Paradoxical Prime Minister.
Q.5 Name the physicist who is credited with the discovery of the Neutron. This 1932 discovery led to his winning the Nobel Prize.
1. Enrico Fermi
2. J.S. Fleming
3. James Chadwick
4. Max Plank
The correct answer is option 3: James Chadwick is accredited with the discovery of Neutron.
- James Chadwick had discovered some new neutral particles in 1930 which were emitted out by the Beryllium nucleus after it was bombarded by alpha particles.
- Research was carried on and finally, the new neutral particle was confirmed in 1932.
- It is a constituent particle of the nucleus.
- It is a neutral particle i.e. it carries no charge.
- Symbol: ‘n’ or 0n1.
Q.6 As on January 2020, Shri Bhupesh Baghel is the Chief Minister of which of the following states?
Option 3 is the correct answer: Shri Bhupesh Baghel is the current CM of Chhattisgarh.
- He assumed the office on 17 December 2018 and succeded Raman Singh.
- He belongs to Indian National Congress and Patan Assembly constituency.
- The state came into existence on November 1, 2000, after separation from Madhya Pradesh.
- The capital of Chhattisgarh is Raipur.
- The state ranks 9th in terms of area and 16th terms of population.
- State animal: Wild Water Buffalo.
- State bird: Common Hill Myna.
|Chhattisgarh||Shri Bhupesh Baghel||Sushri Anusuiya Uikey|
|Odisha||Shri Naveen Patnayak||Prof. Ganeshi Lal|
|Jharkhand||Shri Hemant Soren||Shrimati Droupadi Murmu|
|Haryana||Shri Manohar Lal||Shri Satyadeo Narayan Arya|
Q.7 The Araku Valley, a tourist resort, is located near which of these cities of South India?
Option 4 is the correct answer: Vishakhapatnam
- Araku Valley is a hill station in Vishakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh.
- This tourist spot is present in the Ananthagiri Hills of Eastern Ghats.
- It is also inscribed as ‘Ooty of Andhra’.
- The area is also exploited for Bauxite mining.
- Jindanghada peak, the highest peak of Andhra Pradesh and the Eastern Ghats also rises here.
- It is also famous for the well known Borra caves.
Q.8 Sir Thomas Roe came as an official ambassador from King James I of England to which Mughal emperor’s court?
1. Shah Jahan
The correct answer is option 4: Jahangir
- Sir Thomas Roe visited the court of Emperor Jahangir in 1615 as an ambassador of King James I.
- He was able to get permission for trade and establish factories at Agra, Ahmedabad and Broach.
|Shah Jahan||1628 – 1658||
|Jahangir||1605 – 1628||
|Aurangzeb||1658 – 1707||
|Akbar||1556 – 1605||
Q.9 Which of these words refers to the scientific study of domestic dogs?
The correct answer is option 2 : Cynology
The scientific study of domestic dogs is called Cynology.
The Scientific name of Dog is Canis lupus.
Name of Branch
Scope of study
Scientific study of domestic dogs.
Study of Wealth (monetary).
Study of the structure of seeds and fruits.
Study of different shapes and sizes of human skulls.
Q.10 The ruins of the ancient city of Hampi – capital of Vijayanagara – is located in which present day Indian state?
The correct answer is option 4, i.e Karnataka
- The ruins of the ancient city of Hampi is a historical site located in Karnataka.
- It is a UNESCO world heritage site and was granted that status in the year 1983.
- It was established as Vidyanagar by Harihara and Buka, the founders of the Sangama dynasty, in the memory of their guru Vidyaranya.
- Ancient temples, ruins of forts, and aquatic structures are the major attractions.
- Temples related to Hinduism as well as Buddhism are found here.
- Virupaksha temple, Hemakuta Hill temple, Vijay Vittal temple are the major Hindu temples.
Vijayanagar Empire (1336 – 1580):
- This empire flourished on the banks of River Tungabhadra.
- The Sangam, the Suluvas, the Tuluvas, and the Arivadu were the ruling dynasties of this empire.
|Sangama||1336 – 1485||Harihara and Buka||
|Saluva||1485 – 1503||Saluva Narsimha||
|Tuluva||1503 – 1569||Vir Narsimha||
(for around 100 years).
Q.11 The World Food Program (WFP) is the food assistance branch of the United Nations. Where is it headquartered?
3. New York
Correct Answer : Rome
Option 1 is the correct answer: Rome
- World Food Programme is a branch of the United Nations and is based in Rome, Italy.
- It was established in 1961 and aims at eradicating world hunger aiding people with food assistance during a humanitarian crisis.
- It is a member of the United Nations Development Programme.
- It is governed by representatives from 36 member states of the UN or FAO.
- David Beasley is the current executive director of WFP and heads it.
- In addition, there is one deputy executive and three assistant executive directors.
- It works in partnership with various Governments, NGOs and private entities.
Organisation headquartered there
Q.12 What is the more common name for solid carbon dioxide?
2. Dry Ice
3. Quick Silver
Correct Answer : Dry Ice
Option 1 is the correct answer: Solid carbon dioxide is also known as Dry Ice.
|Compound||True Name/ Chemical Formula/ Chemical Symbol||Characteristics/ Uses|
|Dry Ice||Solid CO2||
|Potash||Mixture of Potassium compounds mainly contains K2CO3||
|Epsom||Magnesium Sulfate (MgSO4)||
Q.13 Sultan Qaboos bin Said of ________, the Arab world’s longest-serving ruler and with a reputation for quiet diplomacy passed away recently (2020).
2. Abu Dhabi
Option 1 is the correct answer: Sultan Qaboos Bin Said was the ruler of Oman.
- He ascended the throne in July 1970 after a coup and was assisted by the British.
- He succeeded his father, Said bin Taimur.
- He established a council of ministers and granted universal suffrage to the citizens of Oman.
- Under his reign, Oman joined the UN, Arab League and became a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
- He passed away on January 10, 2020, and his cousin Haitham Bin Tariq succeeded him.
- He is the longest-serving ruler of the Arab world.
- It is an Arab country and occupies the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
- Capital: Muscat.
- Mount Shams is the highest Peak of Oman.
- It occupies a strategic position in straight of Hormuz that connects the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf.
- Currency: Oman Rial.
Q.14 In which year Sanchi was discovered after being abandoned for nearly 600 Years?
Option 3 is the correct answer: 1818
- Sanchi was rediscovered after 600 years by Bengal Cavalry of Britishers in 1818.
- The discovery is attributed to General Henry Taylor.
- The town of Sanchi, the abode of one of the principal Buddhist sites is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
- The Buddhist monuments there were awarded the status of UNESCO World Heritage site in 1989.
- The Sanchi Stupa is the centre of attraction in the town.
- Its foundation was laid by King Ashoka.
- He builds a hemispherical mound over the relics of Buddha.
- Later expansion of Stupa took place during the time of the Shunga, the Satvahnas and the Gupta period.
- The victory of Chandragupta II has been carved on the railing of the Stupa as an inscription.
Q.15 Veteran freedom fighter, social reformer and feminist Savithribai Phule hailed from which of the following states of India?
Option 2 is the correct answer: Savithribai Phule belongs to Maharashtra.
- She was born on January 3, 1831, and was married to Jyotirao Phule.
- Her husband decided to educate her in order to elevate the status of women.
- She is a social reformer and worked a lot for women empowerment.
- After the completion of her education, she opened a girl’s school at Vishrambag, Pune.
- She started teaching there and is known as the first female teacher of India.
- She died in 1897 off Plague while helping the people effected with Bubonic Plague epidemic.
- Her writings:
- Kavya Phule.
- Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar.
- Go, Get Education.
Q.16 Prolific Indian painter Maqbool Fida Husain predominantly used which of these animals to depict a lively and free spirit in his paintings?
The correct answer is option 3: Horses
MF Husain has portrayed a number of paintings depicting horses.
Maqbool Fida Husain (1915 – 2011):
- Popularly known as MF Husain, he is one of the greatest artists of the 20th century.
- He started his painting career in Zurich in 1952 through exhibitions.
- He was also entitled to ‘Picasso of India‘ by Forbes magazine.
- In 1973 he was honoured with Padma Bhushan and with Padma Vibhushan in 1991.
- He had directed two National Award-winning movies, ‘Through the Eyes of a Painter‘ and ‘Meenakshi: A tale of three cities‘. ‘Gaj Gamini‘ was also directed by him.
- The Progressive Artist’s Group was founded by him and his friends in 1947 at Bombay.
- In the last phase of his life, he accepted citizenship of Qatar amidst the controversies related to his paintings
Q.17 From India, who inaugurated the Kartarpur Corridor and flagged off the first set of pilgrims to the final resting place of Sikhism founder Guru Nanak Dev?
1. Manmohan Singh
2. Narendra Modi
3. Ram Nath Kovind
4. Amarinder Singh
The correct answer is Option 2: Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Kartarpur Corridor from India and from Pakistan by his counterpart, Imran khan.
- It is a 4.5 km long highway that connects Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India with Shri Darbar Sahib Kartarpur in Pakistan.
- Sikh devotees can access the Holy shrine in Pakistan without a visa through this corridor.
- Kartarpur Sahib was founded by the first Sikh guru in 1504.
- Sikhs could informally access the site till 1965 only.
- In the aftermath of the Indo-Pak war of 1965, the border regulations were made strict.
- The idea of establishing such a corridor was mooted during the tenure of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- It was finally inaugurated on the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev in November 2019.
- Mr. Modi also compared this inauguration with the Fall of Berlin Wall.
Q.18 Name the media company that purchased the legendary studio of 21st Century Fox.
4. Time Warner
The correct answer is option 2: Disney
- Disney purchased the legendary studio of 21st Century Fox in March 2019 for $71.3 bn.
- Disney had purchased many studios and media companies earlier also. Following are some of those:
- Capital cities/ABC in 1996.
- Fox Family in 2001.
- Pixar in 2006.
- Marvel Entertainment in 2009.
- Lucasfilm in 2012.
- Bam tech in 2017.
- 21st Century Fox in 2019.
- It is a media company that was founded by Walt and Roy O. Disney in 1923.
- It is headquartered in California, USA.
Q.19 Red worms have a structure named ______ which helps them in grinding their food.
Option 1 is the correct answer: Gizzard
- Gizzard helps Red worms in grinding their food.
- Red worms are more commonly known as red wrigglers.
- These are the earthworms employed in vermicomposting.
- Eisenia fetida is the scientific name of Redworms.
- The species is hermaphroditic (can produce gametes related to both males and females).
- The Cerebral Ganglion helps them sense moisture, Heat, Light, and Vibrations.
- These creatures have 5 hearts that regulate the flow of nutrients and oxygen.
- Their Pharynx sucks in the food that travels down to the esophagus, crop, and then to gizzard where even the hard soil particles are crushed.
- Thereafter intestines digest the food. Nutrients are absorbed and waste is excreted.
- Their excreta is used as fertilizer.
Q.20 For which of the following sports was Dronavalli Harika, conferred with the prestigious Padma Shri award?
Option 3 is the correct answer: Chess
Harika Dronavalli is an Indian chess player.
- She has won three bronze medals at Women’s World Chess Championship of 2012, 2015 and 2017.
- She was honoured with the Arjuna award in the year 2007 – 08.
- She also won the FIDE Women’s Grand Prix in 2016.
- In 2019 she was conferred with Padma Shri.
- It is the fourth highest civilian award in India.
- It is one of the three Padma Awards that were constituted in the year 1954.
- This award is given to recognize the distinguished contribution of individuals in various fields like Art, Literature, Science, Social service, etc.
- The awardees are honoured with a Sanad and a medallion.
- The President of India presents these awards.
Q.21 Kolathunadu, Valluvanad and Thekkumkoor were ancient small-time kingdoms in which state of India?
Option 4 is the correct answer: Kolathunadu, Valluvanad, and Thekkumkoor were the feudal kingdoms of Kerela.
Q.22 Who is the first and currently the only batsman to score double hundreds in four consecutive test series?
1. Brian Lara
2. A.B. de Villiers
3. Rohit Sharma
4. Virat Kohli
Option 4 is the Correct Answer : Virat Kohli
- Virat Kohli set this record in India v/s Bangladesh test series by scoring 204 runs.
- He made double centuries in test series against West Indies, New Zealand, England and Bangladesh consecutively.
- He broke the record of Sir Don Bradman and Rahul Dravid of double hundreds in three consecutive test series.
- Virat Kohli was honoured with Arjun Award, Padma Shri and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in 2013, 2017 and 2018 respectively.
- A.B. de Villiers holds the record for fastest hundred in ODI (in 31 balls against West Indies).
- Rohit Sharma holds the record for three double centuries in ODI.
Q.23 What is the uniform GST rate that has been fixed up for lottery prizes by the GST Council?
1. 18 %
2. 32 %
3. 28 %
4. 10 %
The correct answer is Option 3: 28%
- On February 24, 2020, through a notification of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes, all the lotteries were brought under the tax slab of 28%.
- All the lotteries whether State-run or with private ownership will now fall under this uniform tax rate.
Goods and Services Tax:
- It is an indirect tax that was introduced on 1st July 2017.
- It subsumed many central and state indirect taxes.
- It is a destination-based tax.
- There are four tax slabs under GST viz. 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%.
- Some basic goods and services are exempted from GST.
- GST council is responsible for increasing and decreasing tax slabs and transferring subjects from one slab to another.
- Assam was the first state to ratify the GST bill (12th August 2016).
- Kerala started the first state-run lottery in India (1967).
Q.24 Who among the following played the leading lady in the film ‘Mission Mangal’ that tells the dramatic true story of the women behind India’s first mission to Mars?
1. Vidya Balan
2. Kareena Kapoor
3. Deepika Padukone
Option 1 is the correct answer: Vidya Balan played the leading lady in the film ‘Mission Mangal’.
- Mission Mangal is a movie based on ISRO’s mission to Mars.
- Akshay Kumar played the role of Rakesh Dhawan, the Mission Director.
- Vidya Balan played the role of Tara Shinde, the Project Director.
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM):
- It is India’s first and successful space mission to the planet Mars.
- Its success placed India in the elite club of countries that have reached Mars.
- India became the first country to do so in the very first step.
- MOM was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Shri Harikota using PSLV C-25.
- Its objectives were to map and explore the surface of Mars to study its atmosphere and effects of solar winds on it.
Q.25 Which of these bones is NOT a part of the human ear?
Option 2 is the correct answer: Femur
- The femur is not a part of the human ear.
|Bone||Where it belongs to||Features/Functions|
|Malleus||Middle of the ear||