SSC CGL 2019 EXAM PAPER : Held on 03-March-2020 Shift-1 (English Comprehension)

Previous Year Papers
Spread the love

Q.1 Select the passive form of the given sentence.

The manager keeps the work pending. 
1. The work was kept pending by the manager.
2. The work are being kept pending by the manager.
3. The work has been kept pending by the manager
4. The work is kept pending by the manager.

Correct Answer : The work is kept pending by the manager.

The correct answer is option 4 i.e. The work is kept pending by the manager
The original sentence is in the active voice, the pattern for this is
Subject + Present tense of Verb + Object + Continuous form of Verb
The manager + keeps + the work + pending
When converted to the passive voice, the format will be:
Object + is + Past tense of the Verb + Verb + Subject
The work + is + kept + pending + by the manager
Thus, the correct answer is option 4.

Q.2 Select the correct synonym of the given word.

Obligatory 
1. Aggressive
2. Mandatory
3. Useless
4. Reckless

 

Correct Answer : Mandatory

The correct answer is option 2 i.e. mandatory
Explanation:
Obligatory: Refers to something that is complusory and is needed to be done
Mandatory: Refers to something that is required by law, something that is compulsory
For e.g. wearing a face mask is mandatory at the examination centre.
Thus, it is clear that obligatory and mandatory are similar words
Let’s look at the meaning of the other words:
Reckless: Refers to someone who is careless 
Aggressive: Refers to someone who is angry and violent
Useless: Refers to someone who is good for nothing
Thus, the correct answer is option 2. 

Q.3 Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If no substitution is required, select No improvement

The Director will agree with the proposal if we do not exceed the budget. 
1. No Improvement
2. agree on a proposal
3. agreed by the proposal
4. agree to the proposal

Correct Answer : agree to the proposal

The correct answer is option 4 i.e. agree to the proposal

Explanation:

  • Agree to something: to accept someone else’s plan, suggestion, etc
    Example: Often promoters will try to get people to agree to a deal.
  • Agree with means to have the same opinion as another person or to approve of something.
    Example: I agree with you that spaghetti sauce can never have too much garlic.
  • Agree on means to share the same opinion about items, topics, or standards
    Example: All parties agreed on plans to expand the Rideau Centre.
  • The proposal is a kind of suggestion/ plan, agree to will be suitable

Thus, the improved sentence is: The Director will agree to the proposal if we do not exceed the budget

Q.4 In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.

One of the boys from our school have been selected for National Badminton Championship. 
1. for National Badminton Championship
2. have been selected
3. from our school
4. One of the boys

Correct Answer : have been selected

The correct answer is option 2 i.e. have been selected

The sentence refers to ‘one’ boy being selected. meaning the pattern of the sentence is singular and thus the verb ‘have; which refers to plural things needs to be replaced with ‘has’.

Thus, the correct answer is option 2.

Q.5 Given below are four jumbled sentences. Select the option that gives their correct order
A. However, the rate of population increase is another important factor to consider.
B. This change can be expressed in two ways.
C. Growth of population refers to the change in the number of inhabitants of a country.
D. First, in terms of absolute numbers and second, in terms of percentage change. 
1. CBDA
2. BDCA
3. CADB
4. BADC

Correct Answer : CBDA

The correct answer is option 1 i.e. CBDA

The first statement, C introduces us to the topic at hand – the definition of growth, this is followed by statement B which explains the change that is referred to in statement C. Then comes statement D which then goes into deeper detail about the changes mentioned in the previous statements. Then comes the final statement, A which talks there is another factor that has to be taken into consideration.

Thus, the correct answer is option 1.

Q.6 Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word.

We must ______ help to the homeless and physically disabled people. 
1. exert
2. contribute
3. render
4. donate

Correct Answer : render

The correct answer is option 3 i.e. render

Render: Refers to the act of providing something

The sentence refers to doing something for homeless and physically disabled people. 

One cannot ‘exert’ an action onto homeless and physically disabled people

One cannot ‘donate’ an action to homeless and disabled people

One cannot ‘contribute’ an action to homeless and physically disabled people

Thus, the correct answer is option 3.

Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Communication plays a (1)______ role in the overall development of man. It can be learnt by our (2)______ efforts. Today, success in our professional life depends on our (3)______ to read, write and speak well which results in effective communication. Barriers (4)______ communication hinder the communication process. It is very important to (5)______ these barriers so that the transmission of the message can be smooth.
SubQuestion No : 7 
Q.7 Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 1 
1. better
2. total
3. vital
4. lifeless

Correct Answer : vital

The correct answer is option 3 

 

  • If you say that something ivital, you mean that it is necessary or very important.
  • The sentence refers to communication playing a role in the development of a man, it is not a living thing thus cannot be ‘lifeless’, it is not something that can have the ‘total’ responsibility of developing a man and there is no mention of any other variable, so the comparative word ‘better’ cannot be used.
  • Thus, the correct answer is option 3. 

Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Communication plays a (1)______ role in the overall development of man. It can be learnt by our (2)______ efforts. Today, success in our professional life depends on our (3)______ to read, write and speak well which results in effective communication. Barriers (4)______ communication hinder the communication process. It is very important to (5)______ these barriers so that the transmission of the message can be smooth.
SubQuestion No : 8 
Q.8 Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 2 
1. important
2. contradictory
3. conscious
4. unclear

Correct Answer : conscious

The correct answer is option 3

 

  • Communication is something that can be achieved by willful and aware decisions and thus ‘conscious’ is the answer. 
  • Efforts cannot be deemed as important or unimportant. 
  • ‘Unclear’ and ‘contradictory’ efforts cannot achieve anything and thus option 3 and 4 cannot be the answer.
  • Thus, the correct answer is option 3.

Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Communication plays a (1)______ role in the overall development of man. It can be learnt by our (2)______ efforts. Today, success in our professional life depends on our (3)______ to read, write and speak well which results in effective communication. Barriers (4)______ communication hinder the communication process. It is very important to (5)______ these barriers so that the transmission of the message can be smooth.
SubQuestion No : 9 
Q.9 Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 3 
1. facility
2. variety
3. ability
4. agility

Correct Answer : ability

The correct answer is option 3 

 

  • The sentence refers to skills – reading, writing, and speaking and these skills are represented by the noun ‘ability’
  • The ‘incapacity’ to do read, write and speak cannot be the means to effective communication
  • ‘Variety’ refers to different choices and there are no choices in reading, writing, and speaking 
  • ‘Agility’ refers to the speed and cannot be used to refer to ‘speaking’
  • Thus, the correct answer is option 3.

Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Communication plays a (1)______ role in the overall development of man. It can be learnt by our (2)______ efforts. Today, success in our professional life depends on our (3)______ to read, write and speak well which results in effective communication. Barriers (4)______ communication hinder the communication process. It is very important to (5)______ these barriers so that the transmission of the message can be smooth.
SubQuestion No : 10 
Q.10 Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 4 
1. to
2. from
3. by
4. against

Correct Answer : to

The correct answer is option 1 

 

  • barrier is something such as a rule, law, or policy that makes it difficult or impossible for something to happen or be achieved.
    Example: Duties and taxes are the most obvious barrier to free trade
  • You use to to indicate who or what an action or a feeling is directed towards.
  • If something comes from a particular person or thing, or if you get something from them, they give it to you or they are the source of it.
  • If you are against something such as a plan, policy, or system, you think it is wrong, bad, or stupid.
  • Barriers cannot be against something and thus the correct answer is option 1. 

Comprehension:
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Communication plays a (1)______ role in the overall development of man. It can be learnt by our (2)______ efforts. Today, success in our professional life depends on our (3)______ to read, write and speak well which results in effective communication. Barriers (4)______ communication hinder the communication process. It is very important to (5)______ these barriers so that the transmission of the message can be smooth.
SubQuestion No : 11 
Q.11 Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 5 
1. succeed
2. overcome
3. create
4. strengthen

Correct Answer : overcome

The correct answer is option 2

 

  • If you overcome a problem or a feeling, you successfully deal with it and control it.
  • Barriers are obstacles or blockages in the path of something and these need to be ‘overcome’ in order to achieve what one wants. 
  • ‘Strengthing’ of something makes it stronger, which is not what one wants of barriers. 
  • ‘Barriers’ are not doers, they are just the means to achieve something and thus cannot succeed. 
  • Creating more barriers is not the way to achieving what one wants and thus ‘create’ cannot be the answer.
  • Thus, the correct answer is option 2.

Q.12 Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If no substitution is required, select No improvement

The captain as well as the players were responsible for winning the trophy. 
1. The captain as well as the players was
2. No Improvement
3. The captain also the players were
4. As The captain with the players were

Correct Answer : The captain as well as the players was

The correct answer is option 1 i.e. ‘ The captain as well as the players was

When ‘as well as’ is used in a sentence as a conjunction to join two nouns, the verb follows the number of the first noun. ‘As well as is considered a parenthetical conjunction phrase. Hence, the verb will be decided on the first noun/ subject i.e. ‘Captain’ viz. ‘Singular’. 

Thus, the correct number of verb is used in the sentence should be singular . 

Note: The question is based on the rules of ‘Conjunction’ and ‘Subject-verb agreement’.

Q.13 Select the appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

A hard nut to crack 
1. Easily encouraged
2. Easily disappointed
3. Not restrained
4. A difficult problem

Correct Answer : A difficult problem

The correct answer is option 4 i.e. a difficult problem

‘A hard nut to crack’ refers to a problem that is hard to solve. 

Thus, the correct answer is option 4.

Q.14 Select the correct antonym of the given word.

Exodus 
1. Departure
2. Arrival
3. Exit
4. Refund

Correct Answer : Arrival

The correct answer is option 2 i.e. arrival

Exodus: Refers to a mass departure of people.

Arrival: Refers to the coming of someone somewhere.

For e.g., My daughter promptly awaited the arrival of her father.

Thus, it is clear that exodus and arrival are opposite words.

Let’s look at the meaning of other words:

  • Exit: Refers to the act of leaving from somewhere
  • Departure: Refers to the act of leaving from somewhere, especially in order to reach somewhere else
  • Refund: Refers to a certain amount being paid back to someone who has been wronged

Thus, options 1, 3 and 4 are incorrect

Q.15 Select the correctly spelt word. 
1. exhail
2. exteract
3. exhibit
4. exhoust

Correct Answer : exhibit

The correct answer is option 3 i.e. exhibit

‘Exhail’; ‘Exhoust’ and ‘Exteract’ are all incorrectly spelt words. 

The correct spelling of the words are given below:

  • Exhale
  • Exhaust
  • Extract

Q.16 Select the word, which means the same as the groups of words given.

A song sung at a burial 
1. Sonnet
2. Ballad
3. Hymn
4. Dirge

Correct Answer : Dirge

The correct answer is option 4 i.e. dirge

Dirge: Refers to a song that is sung, lamenting for the dead, especially at their funeral.

Let’s look at the meaning of other words:

Hymn: Refers to a religious song sung in the praise of God.

Ballad: Refers to a short story that is narrated using short stanzas. 

Sonnet: Refers to a single stanza poem

Thus, the correct answer is option 4.

Q.17 In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.

I can swim very fast when I was only five. 
1. I can swim
2. when I was
3. only five
4. very fast

Correct Answer : I can swim

The correct answer is option 1 i.e. I can swim

The sentence refers to the narrator being able to swim very fast when he was 5 years old. This means that the sentence is in the past tense, thus the use of the verb ‘can’ is incorrect and needs to be replaced with ‘could’

Thus, the correct answer is option 1. 

Q.18 Select the appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

To take French leave 
1. Leave with written permission
2. Leave without any intimation
3. Acknowledge the host
4. Welcome the host

Correct Answer :  Leave without any intimation

The correct answer is option 2 i.e. to leave without any intimation

‘To take French leave’ refers to an 18th Century custom where guests at a party would leave without saying goodbye to the host/hostess, thus leaving without any intimation

Thus, the correct answer is option 2.

Q.19 Given below are four jumbled sentences. Select the option that gives their correct order
A. However, they ignore the truth that progress and success are proportional to the labor they put in.
B. The general human tendency is to find faults in the policies framed by the government.
C. They blame the government for their slow progress, expecting miracles and magical transformation in their life.
D. So people openly criticize and condemn the policy makers. 
1. CDAB
2. ABCD
3. DBAC
4. BDCA

Correct Answer : BDCA

The correct answer is option 4 i.e. BDCA

The sentence begins with an introduction to the passage – B which talks about the general human tendency one has to find faults in government policies. Then comes sentence D which talks about how people who find fault condemn the policymakers. Then comes option C which talks about how the people find faults – blaming the government for their slow progress and how they expect miracles. The final sentence A talks about these people ignore the truth and the progress.

Thus, the correct answer is option 4. 

Q.20 Select the correctly spelt word. 
1. Humilliation
2. Sarcasm
3. Retalaite
4. Bouquette

Correct Answer : Sarcasm

The correct answer is option 2 i.e. sarcasm

 

  • The words ‘Bouquette’; ‘Retalaite’ and ‘Humilliation’ are incorrectly spelt, their correct spelling is given below:
    • Bouquet: A bouquet is a bunch of flowers which is attractively arranged.
    • Retaliate: If you retaliate when someone harms or annoys you, you do something which harms or annoys them in return.
    • Humiliation: Humiliation is the embarrassment and shame you feel when someone makes you appear stupid, or when you make a mistake in public.
  • Sarcasm: Sarcasm is speech or writing which actually means the opposite of what it seems to say. Sarcasm is usually intended to mock or insult someone.
  • Thus, the correct answer is option 2. 

Q.21 Select the word, which means the same as the given group of words.

Something that cannot be heard 
1. infallible
2. inaudible
3. irrevocable
4. audible

Correct Answer : inaudible

The correct answer is option 2 i.e. inaudible

Inaudible: Refers to something that cannot be heard

Let’s look at the meaning of the other words:

Irrevocable: Refers to something that cannot be changed recovered

Audible: Refers to something that can be heard

Infallible: Refers to something to someone who cannot be defeated

Q.22 Select the indirect narration of the given sentence.

He said to the hotel receptionist, “Can you tell me the tariff of rooms? 
1. He asked the hotel receptionist that if he can tell him the tariff of rooms.
2. He asked the hotel receptionist to tell him the tariff of rooms.
3. He asked the hotel receptionist if he could tell him the tariff of rooms.
4. He enquired the hotel receptionist if he can tell him the tariff of rooms.

Correct Answer : He asked the hotel receptionist if he could tell him the tariff of rooms.

The correct answer is option 3 i.e. He asked the hotel receptionist if he could tell him the tariff of rooms.

  • We make changes in tenses of reported speech only when the reporting verb is in the past tense.
  • When the reported speech is an interrogative sentence we follow these steps-
    • Reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into ‘asked’.
    • connector ‘if’ or ‘whether’ is used in place of commas.
    • Change the sentence, given in the reported speech, from interrogative to assertive.
    • Tense of reported speech is changed accordingly. ( in above sentence- ‘can’ changes into ‘could’)
    •  personal Pronouns of reported speech are changed as per subject and object of reporting verb. Here, the Second person- ‘You’ will change into ‘he’ as per object – ‘me’ (hidden).
  • By following these steps we get the final sentence – ” He asked the hotel receptionist if he could tell him the tariff of rooms.

Thus, the correct answer is option 3. 

Q.23 Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word.

Handle this glass table with care because it is ______. 
1. frugal
2. fragile
3. ductile
4. volatile

Correct Answer : fragile

The correct answer is option 2 i.e. fragile

The sentence refers to a glass table, meaning it is made of glass.

Option 3 cannot be correct because ‘ductile‘ refers to something that can be made into a thin wire which is not possible for glass

Option 4 cannot be the answer as ‘volatile’ refers to the quality of evaporating easily at lower temperatures, a quality that glass tables do not have

Option 1 cannot be the answer because ‘frugal’ refers to the human quality of being economical, something glass cannot do. 

Thus, the correct answer is option 2. 

Q.24 Select the correct antonym of the given word.

Quiescent 
1. Peaceful
2. Dejected
3. Indifferent
4. Active

Correct Answer : Active

The correct answer is option 4 i.e. active

Quiescent: Refers to a period of inactivity or being dormant

Active: Refers to someone who is willing to engage in physical pursuits

For e.g. The health scare left Sania very active.

Thus, it is clear that quiescent and active are opposite words

Let’s look at the meaning of other words:

  • Peaceful: Refers to something that is free from disturbance.
  • Dejected: Refers to someone who is sad and depressed.
  • Indifferent: Refers to someone who has no particular interest or concern.

Thus, options 2, 3 and 1 are incorrect

Q.25 Select the correct synonym of the given word.

Scintillating 
1. Flattering
2. Boring
3. Glittering
4. Stinging

Correct Answer : Glittering

The correct answer is option 3 i.e. glittering

Scintillating: refers to something that is amazing and shine  and sparkles brightly

Glittering: Refers to something that is shining or shimmering

For e.g. The dress was glittering so much that Samantha could not look past it

Thus, it is clear that scintillating and glittering are similar words

Let’s look at the meaning of the other words:

Flattering: Refers to something that is complimenting or praising someone or something

Boring: Refers to something that is not interesting

Stinging: Refers to something that hurts like a bee’s sting

Thus, options 2, 1 and 4 are incorrect

Download Complete SSC CGL 2019 Paper Held on 03 March 2020 Shift 1 paper here Click Download below.

SSC GL Previous Year Papers 2019
manish aggarwal
Founder of edumo, SSC CGL Aspirant, Educator, BCA Graduate
http://edumo.in

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *