List of important monuments and sites in India pdf

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Here is the complete list of Important monuments and sites in India pdf statewise, useful for different competitive exams like UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC CPO, UPSC CSE, etc. You can read the complete list to ace your exams. This is a very important topic of static asked frequently in competitive exams, so learn all the important monuments and sites in this post.



NameLocationFamous for
Ajanta CavesAurganbadBuddhist care temples
Amaranth ‘s CavesKashmirNaturally formed ice shivlinga
Anand BhawanAllahabadNehru family’s ancestral hose
Vaishno DeviJammu and KashmirOne of Hinduism’s holiest sites
Buland DarwazaFatehpur sikriThe highest and biggest gateway of India near Agra built by Akbar to commemorate his victorious campaign in Deccan
Char MinarHyderabadBuilt in 1591 CE, it is a monument , a mosque and a global icon.
Dilwara TemplesMount AbuJain temples, Vimal Vasahi , mahavir swami , built between 11th and 13th century AD.
Lotus TempleDelhiTemple with a flower like design
Taj mahalAgraIconic domed mughal mausoleum
Gandhi SadanDelhiBirla house – where Gandhiji was assassinated in 1948
Gateway of IndiaMumbaiErected in 1911 on king George V’s to India
Gol GumbazBijapurLargest dome in India
GomateshwaraMysore2000 year –old statue of a jain sage carved out of a single stone
Golden TempleAmritsarSikh pilgrimage
Hawa MahalJaipurA pink castle of air
Jallianwala BaghAmritsarA public garden infamous for the massacre of hundreds of innocent Indians by the british on 13 April, 1919
Jantar mantarDelhiObservatory built in 1724 during the days of Maharaja jai Singh II of Ajmer
Jama masjidDelhiBiggest mosque built by Shah Jahan
Kanya kumariTamil NaduTemple of the virgin goddess situated on the extreme southern tip of India
Kranti maidanMumbaiHistorical avenue where Gandhiji gave the call ‘Quit India ‘ in 1942
Harmandir sahibAmritsarGilded temple & sikh pilgrimage site
Meenakshi templeMaduraiHindu temple
Qutab MinarDelhiLargest minaret
RajghatDelhiSamadhi of Mahatma Gandhi on the bank of the Yamuna
Red fortDelhiA red stone structure built by Shah jahan on the bank of the Yamuna
SabarmatiAhemdabadHarijan ashram founded here by Gandhiji
SarnathVaranasiCentre of Buddhist pilgrimage , the place
ShakitisthalDelhiSituated on the bank of the Yamuna where Mrs Indira Gandhi was cremated
ShantivanDelhiSamadhi of pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
ShantiniketanKolkataFamous Visva –Bharati University founded by Rabindranath Tagore
SanchiMadhya pradeshAncient Buddhist monuments
Victoria MemorialKolkataFamous museum
Vijay GhatDelhiSamadhi of Lal Bahadur shastri
Vir bhumiDelhiSamadhi of Rajiv Gandhi
MonumentYearPlaceBuilt bySignificance
India Gate1921Rajpath Marg,
New delhi
 Designed by
Sir Edwin Lutyens
(1) Also known as All India War
Memorial
.
(2) Built in  memory of Indian soldiers
who lost their lives in First World War.
Red Fort1638
1648
Old delhiShah Jahan(1) Originally known as Qila-e-Mubarak
(2) Was actually white as it was made of
limestone.
Agra Fort11th
Century
Agra,
Uttar Pradesh
Mughals(1) Was epicentre of power & was
used to command entire India.
(2) Originally called Badalgarh,
held by Raja Badal Singh.
(3) All Mughal Emperors have
contributed in its making.
(4) UNESCO World Heritage site
Buland
Darwaza
1576 ADDadupura,
Fatehpur Sikri,
Uttar Pradesh
Akbar(1) Highest entrance gate of its kind
in the entire world.
(2) Built at the main entrance of
Fatehpur Sikri.
(3) 42 stepsare to be climbed to
reach main platform.
Char Minar1591HyderabadMd. Quli
Qutub Shah
Mosque built to commemorate
eradication of deadly plague
Fatehpur Sikri1569AgraAkbar(1) Served as Mughal Capital
from 1571-1589.
(2) Original name – Fatehabad.
(3) Built to commemorate & safeguard
the victories against Rajaput Kings.
Gol Gumbaz1626-1656Jadar Galli,
Vijayapura,
Karnataka
Md Adil
Shah
(1) Tomb of Adil Shah &
his two wives
.
(2) Has a ‘whispering gallery’,
even the slightest of sound can be heard.
Hawa Mahal1799Jaipur,
Rajashthan
Sawai Raja
Pratbh Singh
(1) 5 storyed building with 953 windows.
(2) The unique feature is its air
conditioning effect.
Jantar Mantar1724-1736Mathura,
New Delhi,
Ujjain,
Varanasi, Jaipur
Maharaja
Jai Singh II
(1) Jantar Mantar of Jaipur –
largest
stone Sun dial.
(2) These were astronomical
observatories
Qutub Minar1193 ADMaharauli
Delhi
Qutub-ud
-din-Aibak
(1) World’s Largest Brick Minaret.
(2) Total height is 73 meters.
(3) Total number of stairs is 379
Humayun’s
Tomb
1572DelhiBigga Begum1st garden tomb built in India
Elephanta
Caves
5th – 8th
Century AD
Mumbai,
Maharashtra
Rashtrakuta
Kings
Sculpted caves located
on Elephanta Island.
Ellora
Caves
600
1000 AD
Aurangabad,
Maharashtra
Rashtrakutas
built Hindu
& Buddhist
Caves.
Yadav Dynasty
built Jain
caves
These Jain caves are
testimony to the fact that
the 3 religions Hinduism,
Jainism & Buddhism are one
Ajanta Caves2nd –
6th
Century AD
Aurangabad,
Maharashtra
Gupta Kings(1) Each rock carving was done
by hand.
Sculptures & paintings epitomise
Buddha & various Jataka tales.
(2) UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Khajurao
Temples
950-1050
AD
Madhya
Pradesh
Chandela
Dynasty
(1) Famous for their architecture &
style along with symbolism &
their erotic sculptures.
(2) Perfect mix of Hinduism
& Jainism
Champaner
Pavagadh
Archaeological
Park
18th-14th
Century
Panchamahal
Gujarat
Mahmud
Begada
The park includes archaeological,
historic and cultural heritage
monuments such as chalcolithic sites,
a hill fortress of an early Hindu
capital and remains of the
16th-century capital of Gujarat.
Jama Masjid1656 ADCentral DelhiShah JahanLargest Mosque in India
Gateway of
India
1924Mumbai –Referred to as Taj Mahal of Mumbai
Lake Palace1743-1746Lake Pichola,
Udaipur
Maharana
Jagat Singh II
Now a museum that has all the royal
pictures, clothing and art facts of
the Wodeyar dynasty
Mysore Palace1897MysoreRajarshi
Krishnaraja
Wodeyar IV
Also known as Amba Vilas Palace
Palace is a 3-storey stone
structure made with fine granite,
grey in color, having deep
pink marble stones atop a 5-storey tower.
Chatrapati
Shivaji
Terminus
1888Mumbai,
Maharashtra
 –(1) Was known as Victoria Terminus
(2) World Heritage site.
(3) Busiest Railway Station in India
Mehrangarh
Mahal
1460Jodhpur, RajasthanRao Jodha(1) One of the largest forts in India.
(2) One of the well stocked
Museums in India.
Bahai Temple1986DelhiFlint & Neill(1) Also known as Lotus Temple.
(2) It is a place of worship for every religion
& place for meditation.
Jaisalmer Fort1156
AD
JaisalmerRawal Jaisal(1) Largest fully preserved fortified
cities in the world
(2) Fort stands amidst the
sandy expanse of Thar Desert
Kumbhalgarh
Fort
15th
century
Rajsamand
Rajasthan
Kumbha
of Mewar
(1) Second most important hill fort
(2) World Heritage Site
(3) Known as Great Wall of India
Bara
Imambara
1784Lucknow,
Uttar Pradesh
Asaf-ud
Daula,
Grandest buildings including
a step, gateways, minar, mosque
and bhul bhulaiya.
Golconda
Fort
1600HyderabadKakatiya
Dynasty
Known as the Diamond of Kollur
Mine including gateways,
drawbridges, temples, mosques
& semicircular bastions.
Basilica of
Bom Jesus
1605Goa –(1) Oldest churches in India.
(2) World Heritage Site
Rani ki Rav11th
century
AD
GujaratQueen
Udayamati
(1) Massive structure that is
around 24 meters deep.
(2) As a memoriam for
King Bhimdev of Solanki dynasty.



Other Important Static GK Topics:




FAQ’s For Monuments & Sites in India

Rashtapati Bhavan at New Delhi was Built by ?

Edwin Lutyens

The Brihadisvara temple at Thanjavur, in Tamil Nadu was built by 

Rajaraja Chola

Which monument was built by the Mughal emperor Akbar?

Fatehpur Sikhri

Which temple dedicated to the sun-god is shaped like a chariot?

Sun Temple, Konark

Manish Aggarwal
Founder of edumo, Educator, BCA Graduate, Educational Content Writer
http://edumo.in

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