List of Important Tribes In India Statewise PDF[2021]

Here is the complete list of important Tribes in India statewise pdf or Tribal Groups in India pdf, useful for different competitive exams like UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC CPO, UPSC CSE, etc. You can read the complete list to ace your exams.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands.OngeTraditionally hunter-gatherers –
Andaman IslandsJarawasVery little is known about the Jarawas, apart from the fact that they use rafts, live in oval huts and are excellent swimmers.Jarawas -means “the other people”.
Andhra Pradesh, OrissaChenchusone of the Primitive Tribal Groups that are still dependent on forests and do not cultivate land but hunt for a livingNagula Chavitha
Arunachal PradeshAbors/ AdiSpinsters wear a ‘beyop ‘It is special type of ornament consisting of five to six brass plates rightly fixed under their petticoatsIt becomes customary for the aged women of Abor tribes to wear yellow necklaces and spiral earringsSolung
Arunachal PradeshAptanisThe Indian tribe where the woman must have ‘black nose plugs’ fitted as rite of passageDree and Myoko
Birbhum region in Bengal, Hazaribagh, Purnea in Bihar, OrissaSantal or SaontalBaha Parab “flower festival,Sohrai harvest festival
Himachal PradeshGaddisGaddis belong to the class of the shepherds and their job is to look after goats and sheepBasakhi / Bishu ,Patroru Sagrand
Himachal Pradesh(also in parts of Rajasthan, MP,J& K, Haryana ,Maharastra)Gujjarssemi-nomadic tribes and their main occupation is herding of goats, sheep and buffaloes.Celebrate all festivals of national significance
Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa.Kurukh / Oraon Efficient, particularly in tea garden works, Sarhul and Karma
Urali-Uraali Kurumas are an artisan tribe and their versatile skill in art and handicrafts are well known. They play flute and drum during festivals-experts in creating household utensils using cane..Onam, Vishu and Puthar
Madhya PradeshBaiga-The Tiger is Worshipped by the Baiga Tribe that calls it “Jai Baghesur-Practice endogamy.-women expertise in body tattoos- Baiga tribals became India’s first community to get habitat rightsRas-Nawa(means ceremonial eating of honey )
Madhya Pradesh(Bastar)MuriasTraditionally they are economically homogenous and strive to work as a collective. They have mixed-sex dormitories where adolescents are sent to practice premarital sex, sometimes with a single partner and sometimes serially. They have an omnivorous diet, with liquor playing a key role in their society.
Madhya Pradesh. Also in Bihar, Orissa and A.P.GondsDuring the British regime in India, Gonds challenged the Britishers in several battles. They also gained control over the Malwa after the decline of the Mughals followed by the Marathas in the year 1690.Keslapur Jathra
MaharashtraWarlisThe Warli people are famous for their beautiful and unique style of painting which reflects the close association between human communities and natureBhawada ,Kali Puja 
ManipurKuki / KhongjoisLawm Se’ Neh
MeghalayaGaro Tribes The Garos are one of the few remaining matrilineal societies in the world. The individuals take their clan titles from their mothers. Traditionally, the youngest daughter inherits the property from her mother. Sons leave the parents’ house at puberty, and are trained in the village bachelor dormitoryWangala (also known as Hundred Drums, Wanna, Wanna Rongchuwa) is a harvest festival celebrated
MeghalayaKhasi peopleKhasis follow the unique culture. The property of the Khasis is passed on from the mother to the youngest daughter. Music plays an important part in the life of Khasis.After marriage the groom comes to live at the brides house.Nongkrem ,Shad Suk Mynsiem.
MizoramLushaiLushai tribes have developed expertise in swimming and hunting. That they are good archers are apparent from the fact that they can nicely handle ‘Sairawkher’. It is a bow made locally that is discerned by its utility of clay shots instead of arrows.Chapcharkut/ Mimkut /Palkut
North West India.(Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan )Bhils (the bow men of Rajasthan)They form the largest tribe of the whole South AsiaThe name Bhil is mentioned in the great epic called Mahabharata and Ramayana. The Bhil women offered ber to Lord Rama, when he was wandering through the jungles of Dhandaka, searching SitaBaneshwar fair
SikkimLepchas or RongkipThe lepcha hut is made up of bamboo just five feet above the groundTendong Lho Rum Faat
Sikkim, Darjeeling, Nepal and surrounding areas. bhutia 
Tamil Nadu ( Nilgiri Hills)Badagas / BaduguruThundu (a white piece of cloth) forms an integral part of the attire of Badaga women and as a cultural item, is presented to visiting dignitaries as a gesture of good will.Hethai Habba
TN (Nilgris)Kotas, also Kothar or KovThe Kotas are the only artisan tribe of the Nilgiris. They practiced pottery, blacksmithy, goldsmithy, tool making and carpentry. Interestingly, they were also musicians that performed at the ceremonies of the Todas and Badagas.(tribes)Kambatrayar
TripuraChakmas / Daingnet peopleThe women are experts in weaving. They wear an ankle length cloth around the waist which is also called ‘Phinon’ and also a ‘Khadi’ wrapped above the waist as well as silver ornaments.BizuAlphaloniBuddha Purnima

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FAQ’s for Tribes in India

How many types of tribes are there in India?

There are a variety of groups of tribes in India. According to the Anthropological Survey of India, there are 461 tribal communities, out of which 174 were identify as sub-groups. 212 tribes are found in different parts of India.

Which is the most famous tribe of India?

There are many famous tribes in India and some of them are Munda, Santhal, Badaga, Bodo-Kachari, Chakma, Gond, Bhutia, Lepcha.

How are tribes classified in India?

Tribes of India are broadly classified into three racial groups, namely (1) the Mongoloid, (2) the Proto-Austroloid, (3) the Negrito.

Which is the largest tribe in Assam?

Of the tribes found in Assam, the largest is the Garo, the Kachari, the Khasi, the Lushai, and the Mikir. Of Mongoloid stock, most tribes people speak a dialect of Tibeto-Burman origin

1 thought on “List of Important Tribes In India Statewise PDF[2021]”

  1. What about Bodos of Assam and Mech (or Bodo) of West Bengal (Duars area)? These are missing. Bodos in Assam (BTAD) are the major tribal population in Assam. Garos (Garo Hill) are in Meghalaya.


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