UP PGT Chemistry Syllabus in English & Hindi PDF 2021


UP PGT chemistry Syllabus in English PDF 2021

UP PGT Chemistry Syllabus in English & Hindi PDF Download 2021: In this Article aspirants can find the UP PGT Chemistry syllabus in English as the official syllabus released by the commission is only in the Hindi language. There are many candidates who will take the exam in English medium, so for the ease of those candidates UP PGT Chemistry syllabus is also provided in English. We believe Syllabus is the first step in understanding the requirement of any exam and then preparing for it. So, it is very important that the student must be thorough with the official syllabus of any exam before going ahead in the journey. !! we wish you All the very best for your exam !! At last, you can also download the PDF of UP PGT Chemistry Syllabus in English and Hindi 2021.

A) Physical chemistry    

Gaseous State                   

  • Molecular kinetic theory of gases 
  • Derivation of kinetic equations and verification of gas laws
  • Details of molecular velocity
  •  heat absorption of gases
  •  energy Distribution rules
  •  molecular collision and Transport phenomena
  •  mean free path
  •  collision diameter
  •  non-ideal gases van der Waals equation and other state equations
  •  the corresponding State Law of  liquefaction of gases 

Liquid state

  • Molecular force in liquids
  •  vapour pressure of liquids and effect of temperature on vapour pressure
  •  the surface tension and viscosity of liquids and effect of temperature on them

 solid state

  • crystal shape and symmetry space conductor and unit cell
  •  Miller Indices
  •  different crystal system
  •  bragg equation
  • NaCl  – structure,  bonding of atoms in cubic bodies,  arrangement of atom in cubic crystal system and crystal defects.

colloidal state

  • hydrophilic and hydrophobic colloids
  • formation and properties of colloids
  • charge on colloidal particles
  • emulsions 
  • Preservation and use of colloids  aerosols
  • forms and  emulsions 

molecular structure and spectroscopy

  •  dipole moment and its application in molecular structure representation
  •  infrared and Raman spectroscopy and its application in structure presentation of molecules
  • nuclear Magnetic resonance and electron spin resonance Spectroscopy and its application in structure representation of molecules

Thermodynamics and thermochemistry

  •  the zero and first laws of Thermodynamics  enthalpy 
  • Internal energy
  •  first law of Thermodynamics and its application
  •  the work done by an ideal gas in isothermal reversible expansion
  •  Joule Thomson coefficient
  • reaction enthalpy( heat of combustion,  heat of transmission,  enthalpy of neutralization,  enthalpy of atomisation  and heat exchange etc.) 
  • Hess’s Law of constant heat addition and its applications
  •  bond energy
  •  second law of thermodynamics –  carrot cycle,  entropy change, Physical interpretation of Entropy,  entropy change in isothermal reversible expansion of ideal gas,  entropy change in Irreversible processes
  •  free energy( Gibbs and Helmholtz) Maxwell relationship
  •  partial molar quantities( chemical potentials) Gibbs Duhen relation
  • Clausius- Clapeyron Equation and Gibbs- Helmholtz equation.

Molecular/ statistical thermodynamics

  •  partition functions and their significance
  •  relation between partition function and thermodynamic function:  translational,  rotational,  vibrational and electronic partition functions, 
  • derivation of thermodynamic properties translational, rotational, vibrational and electronic for ideal gases 

Surface chemistry adsorption – 

  • Physical and chemical adsorption,
  • langmuir adsorption isotherm
  • isotherm curves
  • BET  equation and its uses

 physical photochemistry –

  •  primary and secondary processes
  •  Einstein’s law of photochemical equivalence
  •  phosphorescence and fluorescence
  •  photochemical decomposition of hydrogen iodide
  •  principles of chemical laser
  •  catalytic  homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis
  • Enzyme catalysis


  •  ideal and non ideal solution
  •  molecular properties of Roult’s-Law 
  • qualitative properties of solutions( osmotic pressure, relative lowering in vapour pressure,  elevation in boiling point and depression in freezing point).
  •  determination of molecular weight of insoluble solute in a solution
  •  abnormal colligative properties

 Nuclear chemistry 

  • Basic particles and their classification
  •  nuclear force
  •  fluid of atomic nuclei
  •  droplet and base  model
  •  nuclear stability
  •  energy transformation in nuclear reactions
  •  concept of nuclear fragmentation
  •  Nuclear Fission and fusion reactions

 chemical kinetics-

  •  order and molecularity of chemical reactions and derivation of rate constants for first and second order reaction and its unit
  •  effect of temperature on rate constants( Arrhenius  equation)
  •  methods of determining the order of reaction
  •  factors affecting rate of chemical reactions and active-hybrid theory

 chemical equilibrium-

  •  relationship between Kp and K
  • Law of mass action and its application for dissociation of PC15
  •  formation of HI and HN3 , and dissociation of CaCO3, NH4HS.
  • Le Chatelier’s Principle- Its application in chemical and physical equilibrium
  • Vant’s  hoff equation

 phase equilibrium

  •  Phase rule
  •  phase diagram for one component system and its applications


  •  electrolytic conductance
  • Arrhenius  theory of electrolysis
  •  Ostwald  dilution law
  •  the theory of strong  electrolytes
  • Debye-Falkenhage n and Wien effects.
  • Accessibility and its determination
  • Kohlrausch  law of independent Migration of ions
  •  applicability of conductivity measurement
  •  mobility and ionic strength
  •  mean ionic activity coefficient
  • Debye-Huckle limiting  law
  • electrochemical cell
  •  electromotive force of reversible and Irreversible electrode in a single compartment
  • Nernst  equation
  • Standard electrode potential
  •  applications of electromotive force
  •  oxygen hydrogen fuel cell

 Ionic Equilibrium

  •  solubility product
  •  water dissociation of salts
  •  pH, pOH and pK (pKa and pKb ) of Buffer solutions
  •  theory of indicators

B) Inorganic chemistry

  Atomic structure-

  •  wave particle dualism
  • Heisenberg’s  uncertainty principle
  • Schrodinger  wave equation
  •  atomic orbitals
  •  Quantum numbers
  •  linear and angular potential distribution curves
  •  s, p  and the shape of D orbitals
  • Aufbau’s  rule and the exclusion principle of Pauli
  •  the electronic configuration of the Hund’s law  elements
  •  the study of the long form of the periodic table-   characteristic features,  
  • periodic properties-  atomic and ionic radii,  ionization energies,  electron affinity and electronegativity and their tendency in the periodic table 
  • Chemical bonding-  ionic bonding- lattice energy, Born-Haber cycle, solvation energy, Solubility of ionic solids,  covalent nature of ionic bonding(Fajans’ Rule) covalent bonding-  valence bonding and molecular orbital theory of covalency
  •  molecular orbital analysis
  •  hybridization and morphology of simple inorganic molecules and ions of homogeneous nuclear and heterogeneous nuclear molecules (CO, HFNO only).
  • Valence shell electron pair repulsion theory(VSEPR)  and its application in NH3, H3O+, SF6 and IF7 

Elements of S- block – 

  •  general characteristics
  •  chemistry of Lithium and beryllium
  •  exceptional behaviour and diagonal relationships

 Elements of P-block-

  • electronic configuration and general trend of periodic properties
  •  composition and structure of Nitrogen Phosphorus and sulphur oxides and their oxy  acids
  •  chemistry of phosphagens silicates, silicones, diboranes, inter halogens, and poly halides
  • Formation,  properties and uses of the following compounds-  heavy water, microcosmic salts, plaster of Paris, potassium dichromate, potassium permanganate, sodium thiosulphate, hydrogen,  hydroxyl amine, albumen and bleaching powder 

 Elements of D-block –

  • Characteristic properties of elements of 3D block
  •  comparison of elements of 4D and 5D Block with elements of 3D block

chemistry of coordination compounds

  • Werner theory
  • IUPAC naming
  •  coordination isomerism
  •  principles of metal ligand bonding in transition metal complexes
  •  effective atomic number(EAN) rules and valence bond theory
  • crystal field theory
  •  crystal field splitting in tetrahedral and octahedral complexes
  •  crystal field stabilization energy(CFSE) only  for d1 – d9 Configuration(  magnetic behaviour of transition metal complexes), L-coupling and orbital contribution of magnetic moment
  •  a brief thermodynamic profile of the stability of metal complexes
  •  substitution reactions in square planar complexes
  •  electronic spectrum
  •  types of electronic transition
  •  selection rules for d-d transition
  •  spectroscopic ground state and spectrochemical range
  •  Orgel energy level diagram for d1 – d9 states.

F block elements

  •  lanthanides electronic configuration
  •  oxidation States comparative study in terms of atomic and ionic radii and complex formation
  •  the principle of separation of lanthanides
  •  magnetic and spectroscopic properties of Lanthanide compounds
  •  antinides general characteristics  and Chemistry of antinides
  •  chemistry of separation of Np, Pu, Am, F m, and U

Organometallic chemistry

  •  definition, nomenclature and classification

 Bio inorganic chemistry

  •  biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions( Ca2 + with special reference)
  •  metal porphyrin complex- hemoglobin and myoglobin

C) Organic chemistry

 General organic chemistry

  •  orbital diagram of general organic molecules- methane, ethane, ethene ethyne and Benzene
  •  inductive effect, hyperconjugation effect, mesomeric effect, resonance and their effect on the acidity and basicity of organic compounds 
  • Classification and nomenclature of organic compounds( both aliphatic and aromatic)

 Reaction mechanism-

  •  methods of organic reactions homogeneous and heterogeneous cleavages, Electrophile, nucleophile and free radical.
  • Mechanism of aliphatic substitution, addition and elimination reactions


  •  structural isomers and stereoisomers
  •  conformational analysis of isomerism( Ethane and n-butane only)

organic synthesis-

  •  properties of synthesis of  alkyl, alkene, alkyne, alkyl  halide, Alcohols, aldehydes, Ketone and carboxylic acids and their derivatives (methodology should  also be given at the appropriate place )
  • Method of preparation of Grignard reagent and its application
  •  active methylene compounds-  aceto acetic Ester  and malonic Ester and keto-enol taut omerism.


  •  classification of ring structure and configuration of glucose and fructose
  •  mutarotation carbohydrate, interconversion of functional groups

 aromatic compounds-

  •  common methods of synthesis of aromatic compounds-  aromatic Hydrocarbons, electrophilic aromatic substitution-Nitration, halogenation, sulfonation, Friedel-Crafts reactions( alkylation and acylation reactions).
  • Formation and properties of chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene, aniline, phenol  benzaldehyde, benzoic acid, benzene sulphonic acid, thallic acid, salicylic acid and cinnamic acid organic compounds.


  •  asymmetric cyclic compounds-  synthesis, furan,  pyrole, thiophene, pyridine, quinoline and Aromatic characteristics of Isoquinoline, Poly-nuclear Aromatic Compounds- Naphthalene, Anthracene and Phenanthracene

Alicyclic Compounds– Cycloalkanes- Normal Synthesis Bayer’s Deformation.

Cyclohexane : Boat and chair form

Reactive intermediate-  preparation, structure and reaction of carbocation, carbanion, free radical, carbene nitrene and benzynes. 


  •  Basicity of general Organic compounds, Hoffman  methylation, structure and synthesis of nicotine And Piperine,  amino acids, peptides, and protein formation and its properties


  •  type of Polymers and polymerization process
  •  manufacture and use of following polymers-  natural and synthetic rubber, Teflon, fricyan and polystyrene,  palamidrush Synthesized  fibre polyesters, polyacylates and rayon , dyes-color, modern ideas malachite green, synthesis of chlorencin and methylarenchose, composition and synthesis of indigo and structure and synthesis of alizarin.

Drugs, Medicines, Antibiotics & Agro-chemicals- 

  • Classification of drugs, antibiotics and agrochemicals, aspirin, Paracetamol, phenylbutazone, sulphanilamide, sulphagunidine, sulphapyridine, sulphathiazole, chloroquine, primaquine P.A.S., chlorapamycin and streptomycin, patathion, malathion, gamazine, DDT synthesis and its use.

Vitamins and hormone-

  •  chemical composition and animal Botanical work of Vitamin A, B and C and thyroxine and estrone and their biological importance.


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